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This folio was archived due to the advancing into force of the Safe Aliment for Canadians Regulations. Archived advice is provided for reference, assay or record-keeping purposes only. It is not accountable to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been adapted or adapted aback it was archived. For accustomed advice appointment Food.

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This folio has been archived.

means the Meat Assay Act

means the Chief, Meat Processing

means the Acquiescence Assay System

means by the Meat Programs Division (MPD)

means the Director of the MPD

means the Breadth Executive Director, Operations, as appointed by the President of the Agency

means the Aliment Assurance Enhancement System

means cautiously textured meat

means Hazard Assay and Analytic Ascendancy Point

means the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990

means mechanically afar meat

means the Meat Hygiene Chiral of Procedures

means non ready-to-eat

means registered beneath the ascendancy of the Meat Assay Act and Regulations

means ready-to-eat

means authentic accident material

for the purposes of this chapter, in annual of a meat artefact advised for sale, use or burning as an comestible meat artefact in Canada, agency absolute an ingredient, aliment additive, poison, addle substance, arresting contamination, any pathogenic microorganisms that are abusive to bloom or declining to accommodated the standards set out in Allotment I, Standards and Identification of Comestible Meat Articles of the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

foods that board as capacity foods from added than one aliment commodity. Some examples board pizza (bread-type crust, vegetables, meat and cheese), lasagna (pasta, vegetables and cheese).

in annual of activities demography abode in a registered establishment, activities that can booty abode at the aloft time, in the aloft breadth and do not actualize a accident of adulterating meat products. In annual of aliment or added materials, articles that are able of absolute calm in the aloft area, at the aloft time afterwards creating a accident of adulterating meat products.

means a skin-like alembic acclimated for a meat product, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

an abandoned assemblage of aliment that is accumulated with one or added added abandoned units of aliment to anatomy an ingredient, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

means, in annual of a meat product, to actuate that the meat artefact is inedible, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

means a amalgamation in which a meat artefact is placed to be offered for sale, or advised to be offered for sale, but does not board a lining, a aggregate container, or a carriage container, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

a ascendancy affairs consisting of accomplishments and activities that can be acclimated to anticipate or annihilate a aliment assurance hazard or abate it to an able level.

a point in a activity at which ascendancy is to be activated in adjustment to anticipate or annihilate a hazard or abate a hazard to an able level, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

the minimum or best aggregate to which a hazard charge be controlled at a analytic ascendancy point to anticipate or annihilate the hazard or abate it to an able level, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

in annual of an comestible meat product, that alkali calm with at atomic 100 genitalia per actor (ppm), but not added than 200 ppm, of sodium nitrite, potassium nitrite, sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate, or any aggregate thereof, except in the case of ancillary bacon, breadth the best is 120 ppm, afflicted above-mentioned to any smoking, affable or fermentation.

the period, basic on the day on which a meat artefact is packaged, during which the meat product, aback it is stored beneath altitude adapted to that product, will retain, afterwards any apparent deterioration, its accustomed edibility, palatability, comestible aggregate and any added qualities claimed for it by the manufacturer, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

in annual of a meat product, a meat artefact that is fit for use as beastly food, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

to abstract fats and oils from comestible beastly tissues by the appliance of calefaction for burning as an comestible product.

includes a candy egg as authentic in the Candy Egg Regulations, or an egg that has been graded Canada A beneath the Egg Regulations, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

means an comestible meat artefact to which a meat artefact extender has been added, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

means a activity which promotes the advance of lactic acerbic bacilli in adjustment to acerbate the product.

includes milk, egg, aggrandize or any vegetable absolute or any acquired or aggregate thereof that is edible, and that is not visibly apparent afterwards accession to the meat product, but does not board beetroot, amazon or a aliment accretion with the barring of adapted starches, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

means an comestible meat artefact that does not board added than 0.15 per cent of calcium in the artefact and any cartilage particles aloft than 1.5 mm in admeasurement and a best of 20% of the cartilage particles aloft than 1 mm in size, that was acquired by removing best of the cartilage and cartilage from a comminuted meat artefact from which the cartilage and cartilage had not been ahead removed.

means an accretion that enhances the accustomed flavour of a meat product, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

includes any commodity manufactured, awash or represented for use as aliment or alcohol for beastly beings, chewing gum, and any accretion that may be alloyed with aliment for any purpose, as authentic by the Aliment and Drugs Act.

A aliment acquaintance apparent (FCS) is any apparent or commodity that comes into acquaintance with the meat product.

not adapted or preserved.

the Aliment Assurance Enhancement Affairs Chiral (FSEP) arise by the Agency, as adapted from time to time.

means gelatin, agar or carrageenan, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

a hazard assay analytic ascendancy credibility plan that is able in accordance with the FSEP Chiral for a activity or artefact and that specifies, in annual of the activity or product, all the hazards, analytic ascendancy points, analytic limits, ecology procedures, aberration procedures, assay procedures and records, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

the comestible meat artefact that is acquired from the afterwards leg of a dressed barbarian body aloft the tarsal joint, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

means a biological, actinic or concrete abettor or agency that has the abeyant to annual a aliment to be alarming for beastly burning in the absence of its control, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

an abandoned assemblage of aliment that is accumulated with one or added added abandoned units of aliment so that the abandoned assemblage are no best apparent as abstracted units.

for the purposes of this chapter, includes the assay of a artefact or sample from a accession or added accumulating of products, or, in annual of a process, the assay or ecology of the process.

piece of meat whose centralized anatomy has not been modified. Non-comminuted meat articles are advised to be complete meat products.

refers to the assay delivered to a meat artefact to accomplish a abridgement in the applicative pathogenic organisms.

measures acidity or alkalinity on a arrangement of 0 to 14 with 7 as the aloof point.

The set of measures activated to assure a adapted meat artefact adjoin the attainable bulge of calefaction abashed Clostridium spp. spores to alarming levels during the breach afterward cooking. Accredit to breadth 4.5 for these requirements.

procedures implemented by operators in the post-lethality processing ambiance to ascendancy or annihilate pathogenic microorganisms in ready-to-eat meat and banty products. For example, a post-lethality assay is advised satisfactory aback it achieves at atomic 3-log abridgement in cardinal of L. monocytogenes in ready-to-eat meat products, e.g., High-Pressure Processing (HPP) at 87000 psi for 3 minutes.

an comestible meat artefact which has a pH aggregate aloft 4.6 and a baptize activity aloft 0.85, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

the comestible allotment of a body that is the beef associated with the skeleton, tongue, diaphragm, heart, gizzard or beastly oesophagus, with or afterwards accompanying and aloft fat, calm with those genitalia of the bones, skin, sinews, nerves, claret argosy and added tissues that commonly accompany the beef and are not commonly removed in bathrobe a carcass, but does not board the beef associated with the lips, snout, attic or ears, mechanically afar meat or meat to which an accretion added than meat has been added, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

edible blood, an comestible agency or comestible tissue that was acquired from the body of a aliment animal, but does not board meat or mechanically afar meat, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

includes a carcass, the claret of an beastly or a artefact or by-product of a carcass, or any artefact absolute blood, a artefact of by-product of an animal, as authentic by the Meat Assay Act.

means an comestible meat artefact that does not board added than 0.027 per cent of calcium for every one per cent of protein in the artefact or any cartilage particles aloft than 2 mm in admeasurement and that was acquired by removing best of the cartilage and cartilage from a comminuted meat artefact from which the cartilage and cartilage had not been ahead removed, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

a meat artefact that has not accustomed a abounding accident assay for bacilli of affair at the establishment, e.g., par-fried breaded craven nuggets, or, the meat basic in an accumulated aliment is in the ready-to-eat date while at atomic one added accretion is in the non ready-to-eat date and will crave added affable for accident afore consumption, e.g., pizza with raw dough, arctic entrees with NRTE vegetables and acutely labelled with able affable instructions.

means an abutting or alien bowl or accoutrement acclimated or to be acclimated in affiliation with a meat product, as authentic by the Meat Assay Act.

a meat artefact that has been adapted or dehydrated or to which has been added any actuality added than meat, a meat by-product or mechanically afar meat, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

steps or procedures that ascendancy the operational altitude aural a aliment enactment accepting for ecology altitude that are favourable to the assembly of safe food. The programs awning premises; transportation, receiving, accumulator and shipping; equipment; personnel; sanitation and annoyance control; bloom and assurance anamnesis procedures, and allergen control.

salted, pickled, dried, cured, smoked or advised by added agnate means, but does not board air-conditioned or frozen.

to about change the actualization or attributes of a meat product. Archetype board to debone, comminute, preserve, dehydrate, ferment, cede or accumulate with an accretion added than a meat product, but does not board to dress, trim, refrigerate, benumb or defrost.

a meat artefact that has been subjected to a accident activity able to inactivate abundant pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins and ascendancy spores of foodborne pathogenic bacilli so that the meat artefact does not crave added alertness afore burning except washing, thawing or advertisement the artefact to able calefaction to balmy the artefact afterwards affable it, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

the capacity of the meat artefact and the apparatus of the ingredients, including aliment additives, and the accommodation of those capacity and components.

means to lower the temperature of a meat artefact to, and to advance the temperature at, 4°C or lower, but does not board to freeze, as per the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990.

the adeptness of a accustomed heating activity to annihilate bacteria. It is best about bidding in quantitative terms, i.e., as the aggregate of calefaction activity that charge be activated to a specific meat artefact to accomplish a accustomed log10 abridgement of a authentic microorganism.

1 log10 abridgement = a tenfold abridgement (1 x 101) = a 1D reduction2 log10 abridgement = a hundredfold abridgement (1 x 102) = a 2D reduction3 log10 abridgement = a thousandfold abridgement (1 x 103) = a 3D abridgement etc.

For example, a 3D abridgement would abort 99.9% of the organisms.

conditions or affairs that adeptness alloy a aliment with clay or filth, or cede abusive to health, as authentic by the Aliment and Drugs Act.

for the purposes of this chapter, agency any aliment for which a accustomed is not assigned in the Aliment and Drug Regulations or the Meat Assay Regulations.

the aggregate of chargeless or attainable baptize in a meat product.

Where this affiliate of the Meat Hygiene Chiral of Procedures uses the analogue “where necessary”, “where appropriate”, “adequate”, or “sufficient”, it is up to the abettor of a registered enactment in aboriginal instance to adjudge whether a claim is necessary, appropriate, adequate, or able to accomplish the objectives of the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990. In chargeless whether a claim is necessary, appropriate, adequate, or able to accomplish the objectives of the Regulations, annual should be taken of the attributes of the operation/activity and of its advised use. The abettor may absolve his best beneath the procedures based on the Hazard Assay Analytic Ascendancy Credibility (HACCP) attempt or beneath the operational procedures of a registered establishment.

Requirements for candy meat articles are absolute by the both the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990 (MIR) and the Aliment and Drug Regulations (FDR). The abettor charge ensure, through the establishment’s binding Prerequisite Programs and HACCP Plan (Control Programs) that these authoritative requirements are met.

For capacity on binding prerequisite programs and HACCP affairs to accommodated authoritative requirements, amuse accredit to the Meat Hygiene Chiral of Procedures (MOP) Affiliate 3, Pre-requisite Programs and the Aliment Assurance Enhancement Affairs (FSEP) Manual.

The capital objectives and accustomed outcomes of activity ascendancy requirements and achievement requirements are to prevent, annihilate or abate to an able level, hazards that can advance to aliment assurance compromises, during the specific meat transformation processes conducted in the establishment.

It is the operator’s albatross to advance and apparatus Ascendancy Programs that accommodated the binding activity ascendancy requirements and achievement requirements categorical in this chapter.

9. (1) Accountable to annex (2) and breadth 121, no meat artefact shall be articular as comestible unless

22.1. Every abettor that prepares meat articles charge adapt them in accordance with the activity ascendancy requirements authentic in the Chiral of Procedures

30.1 (1) The abettor of an enactment shall develop, apparatus and maintain

57.2 Every abettor shall backpack out ascendancy programs in accordance with the FSEP Chiral and the Chiral of Procedures to ensure that

4. (1) No actuality shall advertise an commodity of aliment that

Processing apartment (cutting and boning, conception rooms, kitchens, packaging, etc.) charge be able to board the authentic activity or processes conducted therein.

In the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990 (MIR) “refrigerate” agency to lower the temperature of a meat artefact to, and to advance the temperature at, 4°C or lower, but does not board to freeze.

For articles stored beneath air-conditioned conditions, the abettor charge accept in abode Ascendancy Programs to adviser the temperature of these products, such that the centralized temperature of anniversary artefact is 4°C or beneath but not frozen.

The binding aftereffect of algidity is to retarding bulge of bacilli and accident bacteria.

36. The temperature in a allowance or breadth of a registered enactment breadth a meat artefact is processed, packaged, labelled or handled shall be adapted to ensure the canning of a meat product.

The adapted aftereffect is to ascendancy the advance of microorganisms in the allowance or breadth acclimated for the processing, packaging, labelling or administration of meat products. Allowance or breadth temperatures charge additionally ensure ascendancy of artefact temperature during processing activities, such that there is no access in bacterial advance of the artefact that would affect the validation of any added accident footfall or validation of artefact shelf life.

The operator’s accounting ascendancy affairs charge absolve the allowance or breadth temperature best adapted for the specific processing footfall conducted therein, allegorical hazards accompanying to temperature corruption in the enactment HACCP system. Historically, a allowance temperature of 10°C has been advised able by the CFIA for the canning of meat articles for best processing activities and steps. Accession temperature ascendancy measures charge accommodate the aloft or bigger outcome.

Where processing equipment, such as automated grinding, automated break and added comminuting procedures, aftermath abundant calefaction that could balmy up the product’s centralized temperature significantly, the specific hazard for temperature corruption charge be accounted for in the operator’s HACCP system.

Freezing reduces the temperature of a meat artefact beneath the freezing point, alteration the accompaniment of baptize from aqueous to solid anatomy (ice). The accumulation of ice concentrates the attenuated solutes and reduces the baptize activity of the meat product. Freezing prevents the advance of, but does not destroy, microorganisms in aliment products.

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The aggregate of freezing is important to anticipate advance of microorganisms or assembly of their toxins above-mentioned to the artefact extensive freezing temperatures. Oxidative rancidity and added organoleptic affection issues can activity if freezing ante are slow. Operators should validate that their processes abate the aggregate temperature of articles preserved by freezing, to a aggregate temperature of -18°C aural a time anatomy accepting for the canning of organoleptic and microbiological qualities.

It is recommended that captivation freezers be able of advancement temperatures of -18°C or colder.

Refer to Annex P of this affiliate for the CFIA procedures to appraise aggregate alembic freezing processes for meat products.

Freezing as an appliance for abolition of the parasites Trichinella, and Cysticercus, is declared in Annex B of this affiliate and Affiliate 17 respectively.

Rapid air-conditioned methods which briefly benumb a attenuate alien band of bark and beef (usually 3 to 4 mm thick) may be accustomed beneath the afterward conditions:

The operators charge accept procedures for ascendancy of ecology sources of contagion of meat product, including disposition of meat that has collapsed on the floor, accident of contagion from abstract and accumulator of equipment. It the operator’s albatross to ensure that the procedures for ecology accident factors for contagion of artefact are able and verifiable.

Defrosting or thawing may be performed in air or water. The abettor is amenable to ensure that the temperature of the meat is controlled to abbreviate the time that any allocation of a meat artefact is aloft 4°C. Operators are amenable for establishing adapted best afore dates which booty into annual the breadth of time delayed afore the artefact was originally frozen.

The agreement of arctic meat into affable kettles afterwards above-mentioned thawing is able abandoned aback a adumbrative sample of the absolute lot has been aqueous and begin to be complete and unadulterated.

Meat articles which accept been arctic and aqueous for auction in a air-conditioned accompaniment charge be labeled in accordance with commodity B.01.080 of the Aliment and Drug Regulations as “previously frozen”.

This is authentic as the admittance of a able meat artefact into accession meat product. It is the albatross of the abettor to ensure that all the capacity and apparatus of the rework absolute are able in the meat artefact to which they are added. Adapted absorption charge be paid to the annual of capacity of the constant meat product; all capacity added either anon or by the agency of a rework artefact charge be accurately declared in the capacity annual of the constant meat product. For added advice see Affiliate 7.

It should be acclaimed that the attendance of some abating aids may be begin in cogent amounts in the final artefact if their attendance in the rework was not taken into consideration.

Sausages in bogus comestible casings (e.g. collagen) are accustomed as rework absolute in the alertness of sausages captivated in bogus comestible casings or accustomed casings, to a absolute of 3% in weight of the new meat product. The bogus comestible case does not accept to be declared on the characterization of the product.

Sausages in accustomed casings are abandoned accustomed as rework absolute in the alertness of agnate meat articles (i.e. additionally captivated in accustomed casing), to a absolute of 3% in weight of the new meat product. Aback meat articles in accustomed casings are reworked adapted absorption charge be paid to the beastly breed from which the casings were acquired in adjustment to verify that labelling requirements are met.

Cutting, boning, slicing and dicing of alpha meat artefact are done, by present industry practices, either manually (hand saws, knives, wizards and electric saws) by appointed advisers or by automated accessories (such as may be acclimated for banty acerbic and breast boning). In either case, the operator’s Ascendancy Programs charge board procedures that abode the accession of artefact absolute on the equipment, to abbreviate cantankerous contagion of artefact over time on a accustomed assembly line.

A body re-inspection base amid above-mentioned to acerbic and/or boning is adapted for red meat and charge be equiped as per MOP Affiliate 3, breadth 3.4.12, Check Trim Station. This base charge be able with a anon drained and alien controlled or timed duke ablution facility, an 82°C baptize sanitizer and able lighting. Facilities for the abatement of basic and trimmings charge be provided.

Establishments accepting beef carcasses or fractional carcasses from beasts 30 months or earlier absolute SRM charge chase ascendancy procedures as categorical in Affiliate 17 of the MOP.

Boneless meat from cattle, calf, sheep, goat, horse or barbarian carcasses, including boneless cuts and trimmings.

Meat pieces acquired during deboning and which do not accommodated any meat cut labelling specification.

For the purposes of this breadth a lot is whichever is the basal of:

Evaluation address of CFIA inspectors, in which samples are taken from the accumulated “lot” of artefact to actuate its wholesomeness.

An appraisal address of the abettor in which samples are taken from the accumulated lot of product.

Operator’s assay address in which artefact is sampled from anniversary assembly band or accustomed antecedent at a authentic abundance to actuate the adeptness of the activity to aftermath wholesome product.

The abettor charge board in the establishment’s ascendancy affairs for raw meat acquired from any species, a ecology affairs for admission products, destined for cutting, boning, slicing or dicing, as a alpha meat product. For guidelines, accredit to Annex F. If the abettor chooses to use methods for the ascendancy programs, added than those categorical in Annex F, these charge be evaluated by the CFIA to ensure that they adeptness the aloft outcome, demography into annual aggregate of production, enactment blueprint and breed of alpha meat.

The binding aftereffect of the boneless alpha meat ascendancy affairs is to abbreviate the bulge of bacilli either in an end-product for the customer or aback the artefact is destined for added processing. It the operator’s albatross to ensure that the ascendancy affairs for ecology accident factors for contagion of artefact are able and verifiable.

The accession use of antimicrobial agents, aback acclimated as antibody abridgement procedures for acerbic of raw meat, charge be included as allotment of the operator’s ascendancy program. The abettor charge be an abettor accustomed by Bloom Canada. Acquaintance the CFIA Breadth Affairs Specialist for advice for accustomed antimicrobial agents for meat products. Absorption and rinse/drip times are key accomplish that charge be included in the operator’s ascendancy program, to abstain accession of actinic residues on the end-product.

Sampling plans, methods and belief for disposition of lots of boneless meat are begin in Annex F, Allotment 1. Should the abettor accept to use alternating sampling plans, methods and/or criteria, these charge be evaluated by the CFIA to ensure that they are at atomic agnate with Annex F, Allotment 1. The operator’s accustomed accession plan is again monitored by the CFIA.

Each time a lot is evaluated, the afterward activity should be followed by the operator:

The abettor of the enactment charge design, certificate and apparatus an on-line sampling and assay affairs for boneless meat at a point abutting to breadth the artefact is placed into containers. Assay after-effects charge be retained for a minimum of one year.

The minimum sampling admeasurement and agenda per boning band should be 15 kg for anniversary 30 minutes of assembly (random time sampling alert hourly).

The assay affairs charge be able of accomplishing the afterward results:

Prior to approval by the Ambassador in Charge, the capability of the affairs charge be evaluated appliance lot assay to assure that on-line assay achieves agnate or bigger after-effects than lot examination. The acknowledging affidavit and appraisal charge be kept in book by the CFIA.

Comminuting processes board automated separation, flaking and grinding. Abeyant hazards associated with these automated processes board antibody bulge from forerunner abstracts and temperature corruption during production, metal particles from the equipment, boundless amounts of cartilage bits and balance SRM.

See Annex O for activity blueprint on the apprehension of E. coli O157:H7 in raw beef.

Mechanical meat/bone break accessories operates by appliance automated burden to abstracted beef tissue from the absorbed bones. The accessories operates on the differing attrition of cartilage and bendable tissue to canyon through baby openings, such as sieves or screens. Depending on the agreement of the final product, the constant comestible artefact is referred to as cautiously textured meat or mechanically afar meat (e.g. cautiously textured craven or mechanically afar beef).

MSM is an comestible artefact acquired by removing beef tissue absorbed to basic by the agency of automated meat/bone break accessories that contains:

FTM is an comestible artefact acquired by removing beef tissue absorbed to basic by the agency of automated meat/bone break accessories that contains:

FTM can be acclimated in the alertness of arena meat or articular as arena meat when:

The authoritative analogue for MSM prohibits the use of any ahead deboned meat as ascribe material. In FTM, duke or mechanically deboned trimmings that board cartilage particles or cartilage may be used.

Important considerations:

Bones, carcasses or genitalia of a body charge be kept or transported at time/temperature combinations that will ensure their aseptic acceptability aback acclimated for automated separation.

Bones charge be:

Kidneys and lungs charge be removed from banty carcasses and portions above-mentioned to their use as absolute for automated separation. Kidneys may be larboard in FTM/MSM ascribe abstracts breadth the artefact is labelled as absolute kidneys and is produced for consign or for use added than as an accretion in a able meat product.

The abettor charge accept a ascendancy affairs in abode to ensure able abatement of kidneys (when appropriate), and lungs in banty carcasses and genitalia of carcasses acclimated as raw absolute in the alertness of MSM or FTM.

This agreement is based on ISO Table #2859-1 at an assay akin of S-4, for a lot or accumulation admeasurement alignment from 1,201 to 10,000 units.

Upon accession of the raw absolute at the enactment or above-mentioned to the processing of the material, the abettor charge accomplish a accidental accession of 20 carcasses or 20 units per admixture or a lot of agnate size.

One birthmark is authentic as a body or assemblage with branch (when not acceptable) and/or lung. The abandoned artefact charge be reworked and resubmitted for sampling, alternating to the originator, or advised as inedible product.

The attendance of branch is authentic as the attendance of a allotment of a lobule or several lobules barometer at atomic 0.5 cm x 0.5 cm. The attendance of lung is authentic as a allotment of lung barometer at atomic 1 cm x 1 cm.

If the abettor chooses to use methods for the ascendancy programs, added than those categorical above, these charge be evaluated by the CFIA to ensure that they adeptness the aloft outcome, demography into annual aggregate of production.

Mechanically Afar Pork or Banty Meat will be accounted to board bark unless the architect indicates contrarily on the product’s label.

Only pieces which accept artlessly adhering bark can be acclimated to accomplish MSM; abandoned bark or pieces which accept apart bark flaps cannot be used. For example, skin-on necks which accept absorbed abutting bark can be acclimated to accomplish MSM but necks to which flaps of breast or aback bark accept been larboard absorbed cannot be used.

When MSM is acclimated in the accomplish of a formulated meat product, unless the MSM is chargeless of bark and has been articular as such by the supplier, it is advised as absolute the accustomed eight percent (8%) bark as adumbrated in addendum 2(h) and 2(j) of Agenda I of the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990 (MIR). MSM fabricated from skinless raw absolute may be labelled as “Skinless – Sans peau”.

When appliance skinless MSM in the conception of a meat product, up to 8% of bark from the called breed is able beneath the MIR Agenda I. The added 8% can abandoned be activated to articles which accept bark on them (for example, it would not administer to beef tongues or gizzards).

Examples: Determination of the abundance of pork bark which may be added to the afterward recipes:

a) 55 kg of skinless pork trim:

25 kg of pork MSM20 kg of waterx kg of pork skin

As the MSM is not labelled as “skinless”, the aggregate of bark that may added is afflicted for the 55 kg of skinless pork trim only, which gives us an “x” aggregate of 4.4 kg (8% of 55 kg). This gives us the afterward final recipe:

50.6 kg of skinless pork trim 4.4 kg of pork skin25 kg of pork MSM20 kg of water

b) 55 kg of skinless pork trim:

25 kg of pork MSM afterwards skin20 kg of waterx kg of pork skin

As the MSM is labelled as “skinless”, the aggregate of bark that may be added is afflicted for both the pork trim and the MSM which gives us an “x” aggregate of 6.4 kg: 4.4 kg for the pork trim and 2 kg for the MSM (8% of 80 kg). This gives us the afterward final recipe:

50.6 kg of skinless pork trim 4.4 kg of pork skin23 kg of pork MSM afterwards bark 2 kg of pork skin20 kg of water

The abettor charge accept a ascendancy affairs in abode for skinless MSM which includes a sampling plan. For the purpose of this sampling plan the analogue of a lot is the aloft as in the aloft annual 4.3.3.2 Ascendancy of Lungs and Kidneys in Banty Carcasses and Genitalia of Carcasses.

The absolute bark breadth of all sample units (up to 20) cannot beat 25 cm2 (i.e. 4 in2).

If the abettor chooses to use methods for the ascendancy programs, added than those categorical above, these charge be evaluated by the CFIA to ensure that they adeptness the aloft outcome, demography into annual aggregate of production.

Unless MSM or FTM is acclimated anon afterwards the break activity as an accretion of a meat product, it charge be:

MSM may be alien from one registered enactment to accession in the refrigerated, air-conditioned and convalescent or arctic state. The abettor is amenable to apparatus able controls over the altitude beneath which the artefact is handled to ensure its wholesomeness.

Refrigerated MSM (cured or non-cured) should be maintained at temperatures abutting to 0°C and should be anxiously monitored from assembly to utilization.

For purposes of this program, a lot shall abide of the mechanically afar meat or cautiously textured meat produced from a distinct breed in no added than one connected about-face of up to 12 hours.

This plan is acclimated aback the accessories is aboriginal installed, aback aloft apparatus are replaced (e.g. a amid boom or filter, amid screens, awning plates or perforated screen, agriculture spiral [i.e. worm], etc.) or aback aloft aliment are made.

Under this sampling plan the abettor charge assay anniversary lot for calcium, protein and cartilage atom until 10 afterwards lots are in compliance. Once this is achieved, the ecology plan can be used.

The sample to be analysed shall abide of 20 sub-samples taken during the lot run. If the about-face is 8 hours (480 minutes) sampling charge be done every 24 annual (480/20 = 24 minutes). Likewise, if the appointed lot run is 6 hours (360 minutes) sampling charge be done every 18 annual (360/20 = 18 minutes).

The about-face charge be a minimum of 4 hours to be advised in this start-up plan, unless the operator’s accustomed operating about-face is beneath than 4 hours.

Each sub-sample should be about 30 grams. The samples may be placed in the aloft alembic (e.g. a artificial bag) so that at the end of the lot run it will board about 600 grams of product.

The activated lots are to be captivated until cancellation of an able class report.

This plan is acclimated afterwards accepting auspiciously completed the start-up plan. Beneath this sampling plan the abettor charge assay for calcium, protein and cartilage particles in 1 lot out of 5 lots.

For the purpose of this ecology plan a sample of at atomic 500 g shall be taken about from the assembly lot. The activated lots may move advisedly above-mentioned to cancellation of the class report.

In the case of protein the after-effects charge be angled to the abutting 0.1% (i.e. 9.76% would be angled to 9.8, not 10%).

The abettor charge accept aberration procedures for artefact which does not accommodated the standards categorical in 4.3.3.

Operators are amenable for chargeless whether their meat artefact is ready-to-eat (RTE) according to this section.

The temperature and continuance of the affable activity for calefaction advised meat articles should be such that the calefaction assay abandoned or in aggregate with added absorption processes is able to abort bacilli and toxins.

It is the operator’s albatross to actuate accordant areas and non-compatible areas for altered processing steps, as allotment of the prerequisite affairs and HACCP system. Accredit to the FSEP Chiral and Affiliate 3, Prerequisite Programs for added details. Establishments should abstracted the administration of cooked, partially adapted and raw articles to anticipate recontamination.

Any aberration in affable processes charge be brought to the absorption of the Ambassador in Charge.

Chilling begins anon afterwards the affable aeon is completed and according to breadth 4.5 of this chapter.

Environmental and artefact samples in ready-to-eat articles are required. See Annex H for binding requirements for Listeria spp.

The abettor charge apparatus a ascendancy affairs for anniversary abandoned adapted ready-to-eat meat artefact which contains:

Monitoring accessories able of barometer aural the afterward banned is required:

When the abettor is appliance time as a analytic absolute in the process, they charge accept automated recording accessories which can abduction this abstracts and that are able of barometer aural the afterward limits:

If the abettor is affable a pork artefact in adjustment to accomplish it RTE, use of a recording thermograph is adapted aback the artefact is not subjected to added Trichinella controls.

These meat articles accept been acrimonious to advance their actualization or acidity but the activity does not aftereffect in a ready-to-eat product. In all cases, the articles charge be adapted above-mentioned to consumption.

Unlike adapted ready-to-eat meat products, the abettor is not adapted to verify at the time of accomplish that non ready-to-eat articles accept been subjected to a minimum aggregate of thermal lethality.

However, labelling of the artefact charge accede with Breadth 94(6.1) of the MIR which stipulates:

“If any meat artefact is not a ready-to-eat meat artefact but has the actualization of or could be mistaken for a ready-to-eat meat product, the meat artefact shall buck the afterward advice on its label:

In adjustment to accommodated these requirements, the abettor charge characterization the meat artefact to anticipate it from actuality mistaken for a adapted RTE artefact and accommodate bright alertness instructions that aback followed by the customer will absolutely baker the artefact (i.e. accommodate instructions to accomplish a 6.5D or 7.0D abridgement in Salmonella spp.).

The argument will be the aloft admeasurement as the blow of the accustomed name. Commodity B.01.006 of the Aliment and Drug Regulations requires that the accustomed name of the aliment be apparent on the arch affectation panel, accordingly if re-packaged, acrimonious NRTE meat articles will accept to affectation the adapted NRTE qualifiers.

The abettor is adapted to validate the alertness instructions:

The abettor is amenable for ensuring that all calefaction candy meat and banty articles are handled and algid so that the artefact is maintained in a wholesome and complete state. A cooling agenda charge be developed and filed for every blazon of calefaction candy product. The air-conditioned activity charge be monitored to authenticate that anniversary lot complies with the authentic accustomed cooling schedules. Those annal assuming adherence to the agenda (product time/temperature) should be maintained on book for a aeon of at atomic 12 months aloft the shelf activity (best before) of the artefact and fabricated attainable to the ambassador on request.

Cooling charge be connected and begins anon afterwards the heating aeon is completed.

Most accustomed food-poisoning bacilli can abound from 0°C up to 54°C; however, their ambit of accelerated advance is from 27°C to 54°C. Thus, it is absolute important to air-conditioned artefact finer but it is alike added important to air-conditioned it bound through this accelerated advance ambit to anticipate the bulge of calefaction abashed antibody spores including the Clostridium species.

The abettor charge use one the afterward cooling schedules, adapted to the artefact type, to air-conditioned all calefaction candy articles in adjustment to abbreviate advance of pathogenic bacilli in/on their products.

These all-encompassing requirements for apathetic cooling are applicative for a meat artefact that is formulated:

Example:

Brine absorption in the able artefact = [% alkali / (% alkali % damp in end product)] x 100

Example: If 2.8% of alkali in the conception and the end artefact has a damp akin of 72%, the alkali absorption is:

{(2.8/100) / [(2.8/100) (72/100)]} X 100 =[0.028 / (0.028 0.72)] X 100 =2.8 / 0.748 = 3.74%

Condition 1 and one of the two options in activity 2 charge be met:

Condition 1:

The centralized temperature does not abide amid 49°C and 4°C for added than 20 hours;

and

Condition 2:

The cooling process:

During cooling, the product’s best centralized temperature charge not abide amid 54°C and 27°C for added than two (2) hours nor from 54°C to 4°C for added than 7 hours.

Alternatively, articles consisting of a allotment of complete (excluding tenderized) beef such as buzz beef, clammy adapted beef, turkey breast or pork loin, may be cooled to 4°C aural 7.5 hours from the admission of the cooling activity while demography no added than two hours for the 50°C to 20°C temperature zone.

Cooked articles that are cooled from 54°C to 18°C aural 2 hours may be captivated for up to 4 hours if they are:

Any aberration from the accustomed activity charge be adjourned by the abettor as allotment of the enactment ascendancy programs. If the artefact is accounted acceptable, there charge be authentic affirmation to abutment this decision.

Whenever there is a cooling deviation, if the abettor intends to administer the product, they charge conduct a accident appraisal on the product.

Computer clay may be acclimated to appraise the assurance of the product. Added ambit in evaluating the aberration charge be taken into account. Analysis of the affable activity and artefact conception charge additionally be done.

The akin of estimated access in Clostridium perfringens absorption (log increase) will depend on the affection of abstracts acquired by an analyzer and ascribe into the program. Characterization of calefaction attrition of spores recovered from raw articles would added facilitate the appraisal of the cooling activity parameters. The abeyant access in the absorption of Clostridium perfringens during cooling depends on the absorption of calefaction aggressive spores in the product. Cooling regimens for meat articles should aftereffect in no added than a 1-log CFU/g access of C. perfringens and no advance of C. botulinum.

End artefact sampling for Clostridium perfringens (viable cells) can be done as an added assurance admeasurement but is not able on its own.

Any alternating cooling activity charge be submitted by the abettor to the Ambassador in Charge, who will argue with the Breadth Affairs Specialist. The agreement will again be evaluated by the National Specialist, Meat Processing in accord with the aliment assurance group. The angle charge be authentic by authentic abstracts to validate the submission. Microbial testing abandoned is not able for this purpose. This affidavit amalgamation should include, but not be bound to, a advocacy from a activity ascendancy demonstrating that the alternating cooling activity is as able as the accustomed achievement standards.

The alternating cooling activity cannot be acclimated above-mentioned to accepting by the National Specialist, Meat Processing.

Refrigerated meat articles which accept been ahead calefaction candy charge not be packaged until algid to 4°C unless it can be demonstrated, through a activity validation, that packaging does not baffle with the cooling agenda or the artefact safety.

If kept hot, adapted meat articles should consistently be kept at 60°C or above. Artefact temperature is to be taken and recorded on a accustomed or connected base during accumulator to adviser acquiescence with these guidelines.

Edible apprehension is the calefaction assay of comestible beastly tissues to abstract fats and oils. The standards for lard, abridgement and blubber are listed in Agenda I of the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990. The abettor charge authenticate acquiescence of the final artefact to Agenda I of the MIR.

Canned aliment agency commercially antiseptic low-acid or acidified low-acid aliment arranged in hermetically closed containers. This includes the use of cans, bottle jars, retortable pouches or added containers. For assembly blueprint amuse argue Affiliate 15 of the MOP.

When appliance or advancing casings, the afterward requirements charge be met:

Potential hazards associated with emulsification board antibody bulge from forerunner materials, temperature corruption during production, and metal particles from the equipment.

See Annex O for activity blueprint on the apprehension of E. coli O157:H7 in raw beef.

Aging of beef has commonly been acclimated to access amore and flavour and involves captivation a body for up to 14 canicule beneath refrigeration. Breadth carcasses are age-old in this manner, absorption charge be paid to temperature and humidity, to abstain the development of mould.

Other methods include:

These procedures advice abate the meat and are acclimated in affection ascendancy and accomplishment of the product, rather than aliment safety. With able aging, however, temperature and clamminess corruption can aftereffect in mould growth, and accident bacterial growth, both of which can be indicators of attainable pathogenic bacterial outgrowth. The abettor charge apparatus a affairs for the ascendancy of crumbling and tenderizing processes. The use of an accession activity or new technology charge be accustomed by the CFIA above-mentioned to use.

This is able by drying-in air, the appliance of calefaction or by freeze-drying. This anatomy of canning depends on a blurred of the baptize activity (aw) of the artefact to arrest the advance of microorganisms. The blurred of the baptize activity may additionally be able by the accession of sugars or salt. It charge be remembered that a abridgement in baptize activity neither destroys microorganisms nor toxins; it abandoned retards the advance of microorganisms.

When the aw of a artefact is a analytic absolute set out in the accomplishment activity for a meat product, authentic altitude accessories charge be employed. The instructions for use, aliment and arrangement of altitude accessories and instruments charge be included in the operator’s prerequisite programs and HACCP system.

If a dehydrated artefact that is not adapted is awash as shelf-stable (i.e., there is no “keep refrigerated” statement), it has to accommodated the aloft applicative controls as shelf-stable brewed meat articles (see breadth 4.16.3).

Equipment acclimated in the aridity activity charge be included in the operator’s prerequisite ascendancy programs. These charge board the afterward elements:

Salting lowers the aw to accomplish a abridgement in baptize activity that retards the advance of microorganisms but does not adapt the microbiological amount of the admission product. Therefore, the abettor charge accept a affairs in abode to appraise the admission product.

As broiled beef articles may affectation a hazard associated with E. coli O157:H7, these articles charge be submitted to a calefaction assay afore the dehydration process.

The afterward methods accept been begin able for this purpose:

Care charge be taken as to the breadth breadth capacity are stored, prepared, alloyed or measured. It is the operator’s albatross to actuate accordant areas and non-compatible areas for altered processing steps, as allotment of the prerequisite affairs and HACCP system. Accredit to the FSEP Chiral and Affiliate 3, Prerequisite Programs for added details.

The conception of all able meat products, including abeyant allergens, charge be controlled as allotment of the operator’s HACCP system. Accredit to the CFIA website for added advice on allergens.

A connected meat artefact is one that has a accustomed assigned by regulation. The Aliment and Drug Regulations (Divisions 14 and 22) and the Meat Assay Regulations, 1990 (Schedule I) appoint the standards for meat articles bogus in Canada. This agency that the aliment charge board abandoned the capacity included in the standard, aural the banned accustomed by the standard. All aliment additives acclimated in meat artefact formulations charge be listed in the Tables of Division 16 of the Aliment and Drug Regulations and acclimated according to the accoutrement in those tables.

An unstandardized aliment is any artefact for which a accustomed is not assigned in regulation. Unstandardized foods charge accommodated additionally accommodated authoritative requirements beneath the FDR and MIR, such as those for minimum protein requirements. In addition, abandoned those aliment additives for which accouterment has been fabricated in the the Tables of Division 16 of the Aliment and Drug Regulations either for that aliment accurately or for “unstandardized foods” in accustomed may be used.

Restricted non-meat aliment articles are declared in Division 16 of the Aliment and Drug Regulations.

The operator’s prerequisite affairs and HACCP arrangement charge board a ascendancy affairs for belted non-meat aliment articles that includes:

The abettor of the registered enactment charge use pasteurized candy egg which originates from a registered candy egg base or may acquirement brand “Canada A” carapace eggs from a registered egg station.

The operator’s prerequisite affairs and HACCP arrangement charge board a ascendancy affairs for the use of eggs that includes:

Preserved articles charge accede with section B 14.031 of the Aliment and Drug Regulations.

“Curing” means, in annual of an comestible meat product, that alkali calm with at atomic 100 genitalia per actor (ppm) and not added than 200 ppm of sodium nitrite, potassium nitrite, sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate or any aggregate thereof, was added to the meat artefact during its preparation.

Nitrite or nitrate salts or both, in aggregate with alkali (NaCl) and added abating aids are added to meat articles to advance colour, arrangement and flavour and to anticipate or adjournment abominable microbial advance and adulteration production.

The abettor charge accept a affairs in abode to appraise the admission product.

Additional account on nitrate/nitrite and phosphate calculations for formulated articles is provided in Annex C of this chapter.

This is the canning of meat articles by the accession of capacity and additives that abate the baptize activity (aw). Meat articles arranged in alkali or saturated alkali band-aid are advised shelf stable. A saturated alkali band-aid has a alkali agreeable of 26.4% and a salinometer account of 100.

Pickling, the accession of an acidulant such as acerb acerbic or citric acid, lowers the pH aggregate of the meat product.

The assimilation of arena meat or banty pieces with complete beef cuts is able by mixing, aerobatics or massaging the arena meat with the aloft pieces. The cure or alkali can be added to the aerialist mixer and be congenital into the artefact by the concrete activity of tumbling. Accession adjustment that is currently acclimated is the assimilation of the cure or alkali by injecting the band-aid into ample meat pieces again by bond the arena meat with the injected meat. To advance the actualization of the able artefact some aerialist mixers accept been adapted by abacus paddles, blades or spikes in the tumblers so that during the aerobatics action, the arena meat and cure is pushed into the solid meat cuts. This activity accelerates the cure activity and enhances the actualization of the able product.

The bang of arena or blurred trimmings into solid beef cuts charge accommodated the afterward requirements:

This is able by the use of smoke generated from hardwood, balk sawdust, or vaporized aqueous smoke acquired from the aloft sources.

Smoking is acclimated mainly for flavouring and development of apparent colouring in meat products.

Cold smoke temperatures are about beneath than 30°C. Articles that are algid smoked and accept the actualization of actuality ready-to-eat charge be labelled as per breadth 94(6.1) of the MIR.

If the smoker activity after-effects in the assembly of ready-to-eat meat products, all added requirements applicative to adapted articles are to be met.

Smoke racks (trees) and the interiors of smokehouses charge be abundantly bankrupt to anticipate the contagion of meat articles with soot. If copse chips or sawdust are acclimated for smoke generation, their accumulator and use charge not affectation a germ-free hazard. Smokehouses charge be abundantly vented.

When the smoker of pork articles is acclimated with calefaction to abort Trichinella, the temperatures maintained charge be anxiously monitored. Recording thermometers charge be present and appropriately functioning. The accurateness of these charge be arrested periodically adjoin a mercury thermometer. The abettor charge ensure the calefaction activity is able to abort trichinae.

Fermentation relies on able ascendancy over a circuitous and absolute aggregate of time, temperature, nitrites, alkali concentration, pH and aw factors to ensure aliment safety.

It is the operator’s albatross to advance and apparatus Ascendancy Programs that accommodated the requirements categorical in this section.

The abettor charge accept a affairs in abode to appraise the admission product. This affairs should outline blueprint for the admission ingredients.

Records of microbiological tests performed on capacity charge be attainable to the ambassador on request.

Equipment acclimated in the beverage activity charge be included in the operator’s prerequisite ascendancy programs. These charge board the afterward elements:

The abettor charge accept a ascendancy affairs in abode to anticipate the chiral of bacilli from aback appliance the inoculum from a antecedent accumulation (back slopping) to admit the beverage activity of a new batch. These charge include:

If artefact is chemically acidified by accession of citric acid, gluconodelta-lactone or accession actinic abettor accustomed for this purpose, controls charge be in abode and annal kept to ensure that a pH of 5.3 or lower is able by the end of the beverage process.

The aw may be bargain by abacus solutes (salt, sugar) or removing moisture.

Approximate minimum levels of aw (if advised alone) for the advance of:

molds: 0.61 to 0.96

yeasts: 0.62 to 0.90

bacteria: 0.86 to 0.97

parasites: Trichinella spiralis will survive at an aw of 0.93 but is destroyed at an aw of 0.85 or less.

The aloft levels are based on the absence of added inhibitory furnishings such as nitrite, aggressive growth, sub-optimum temperatures, etc., which may be present in meat products. In accustomed conditions, Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins are not produced beneath aw 0.86, although in exhaustion arranged articles this is absurd beneath aw 0.89.

The abettor is adapted to apparatus a ascendancy affairs based on 4.16.2.1.1, Beverage Done at a Connected Temperature (Constant Temperature Process) and 4.16.2.1.2, Beverage Done at Altered Temperatures (Variable Temperature Processes) to ascendancy pathogens.

Certain strains of the bacilli Staphylococcus aureus are able of bearing a awful calefaction abiding adulteration that causes affliction in humans. Aloft a analytic temperature of 15.6°C, Staphylococcus aureus multiplication and adulteration assembly can booty place. Once a pH of 5.3 is reached, Staphylococcus aureus multiplication and adulteration assembly are stopped.

Degree-hours are the artefact of time as abstinent in hours at a authentic temperature assorted by the “degrees” abstinent in balance of 15.6°C (the analytic temperature for advance of Staphylococcus aureus). Degree-hours are afflicted for anniversary temperature acclimated in the process. The limitation of the cardinal of degree-hours depends aloft the accomplished temperature in the beverage activity above-mentioned to the time that a pH of 5.3 or beneath is attained.

The abettor is encouraged to admeasurement temperatures at the apparent of the product. Breadth this is not possible, the abettor should advance beverage allowance temperatures. The amount hour calculations are based on beverage allowance temperatures. Temperature and clamminess should be accordant throughout the beverage room.

A activity can be advised as able provided the artefact consistently alcove a pH of 5.3 using:

When beverage is done at a connected temperature, operators can either use the afterward table or the adding adjustment (see examples below) for chargeless degree-hours banned and best time for beverage at a accustomed allowance temperature.

Examples of how to use the adding adjustment for connected temperature processes:

Example 1:

Fermentation allowance temperature is a connected 26°C. It takes 55 hours for the pH to adeptness 5.3.

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 26°C – 15.6°C = 10.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 55Degree-hours calculation: (10.4°C) x (55) = 572 degree-hours

The agnate degree-hours absolute (less than 33°C) is 665 degree-hours.

Conclusion: Archetype 1 meets the guideline because its degree-hours are beneath than the limit.

Example 2:

Fermentation allowance temperature is a connected 35°C. It takes 40 hours for the pH to adeptness 5.3.

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 35°C – 15.6°C = 19.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 40Degree-hours calculation: (19.4°C) x (40) = 776 degree-hours

The agnate degree-hours absolute (between 33 and 37°C) is 555 degree-hours.

Conclusion: Archetype 2 does not accommodated the guideline because its degree-hours beat the absolute – ascendancy the artefact and accredit to sub-section 4.16.2.1.3.

When the beverage takes abode at assorted temperatures, anniversary temperature footfall in the activity is analyzed for the cardinal of degree-hours it contributes. The degree-hours absolute for the absolute beverage activity is based on the accomplished temperature able during fermentation.

Example 1:

It takes 35 hours for artefact to adeptness a pH of 5.3 or less. Beverage allowance temperature is 24°C for the aboriginal 10 hours, 30°C for added 10 hours and 35°C for the final 15 hours.

Step 1

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 24°C – 15.6°C = 8.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 10Degree-hours calculation: (8.4°C) x (10) = 84 degree-hours

Step 2

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 30°C – 15.6°C = 14.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 10Degree-hours calculation: (14.4°C) x (10) = 144 degree-hours

Step 3

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 35°C – 15.6°C = 19.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 15Degree-hours calculation: (19.4°C) x (15) = 291 degree-hours

Degree-hours adding for the absolute beverage activity = 84 144 291 = 519

The accomplished temperature able = 35°C

The agnate degree-hour absolute = 555 (between 33°C and 37°C)

Conclusion: Archetype 1 meets the guideline because its degree-hours are beneath than the limit.

Example 2:

It takes 38 hours for artefact to adeptness a pH of 5.3 or less. Beverage allowance temperature is 24°C for the aboriginal 10 hours, 30°C for the added 10 hours and 37°C for the final 18 hours.

Step 1

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 24°C – 15.6°C = 8.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 10Degree-hours calculation: (8.4°C) x (10) = 84 degree-hours

Step 2

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 30°C – 15.6°C = 14.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 10Degree-hours calculation: (14.4°C) x (10) = 144 degree-hours

Step 3

Degrees aloft 15.6°C: 37°C – 15.6°C = 21.4°CHours to adeptness pH of 5.3: 18Degree-hours calculation: (21.4°C) x (18) = 385.2 degree-hours

Degree-hours adding for the absolute beverage activity = 84 144 385.2 = 613.2

The accomplished temperature able = 37°C

The agnate degree-hour absolute = 555 (between 33°C and 37°C)

Conclusion: Archetype 2 does not accommodated the guidelines because its degree-hours beat the limit; ascendancy the artefact and accredit to sub-section 4.16.2.1.3

The abettor charge acquaint the CFIA of anniversary case breadth degree-hours banned accept been exceeded. Such lots charge be captivated and samples of artefact submitted for microbiological class assay afterwards the dehydration aeon has been completed. Analyses should be done for Staphylococcus aureus and its enterotoxin, and for arch pathogens, such as E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Clostridium botulinum and Listeria monocytogenes.

In adjustment to appropriately ascendancy these hazards and anticipate incidents of aliment borne disease, registered establishments who accomplish brewed sausages are adapted to use one of the bristles afterward options for the ascendancy of verotoxinogenic E. coli including E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella aback they accomplish this blazon of product.

The abettor is adapted to use one of the bristles (5) options categorical in this breadth aback accomplishment a dry or semi-dry brewed meat sausage product:

Establishments which do not use beef and do not access meat capacity from establishments which handle beef are not currently adapted to use one of the bristles options for the ascendancy of E. coli O157:H7 in dry/semi-dry brewed sausages. However, they charge validate through a microbiological testing affairs that their activity will not aftereffect in the attendance of E. coli O157:H7 or Salmonella in the able product.

To ensure that all of the requirements agnate to the called advantage are met, and to appropriately authenticate this, operators of registered establishments who accomplish a dry/semi-dry brewed sausage are adapted to complete a archetype of Annex K “Option acclimated for the ascendancy of E. coli O157:H7 in dry and semi-dry brewed sausage” for anniversary altered artefact and attach all the adapted information.

This absolute will be buried by the Ambassador in Charge and forwarded to the Breadth Affairs Specialist for verification.

An enactment charge use advantage 3 if advantage 1, 2, 4 or 5 are not used. If an enactment which is adapted to do end artefact testing as per advantage 3 refuses to do the adapted testing on the able product, the CFIA charge apprehend the afflicted product, booty measures to anticipate cross-contamination of added artefact and acquaint the enactment that, if they do not accommodate the all-important assay after-effects aural 60 days, the afflicted artefact will be advised as inedible and condemned.

Include as allotment of the accomplish of the sausage, one of the afterward calefaction processes which are accustomed as authoritative E. coli O157:H7.

Under this option, it is not adapted to assay for E. coli O157:H7. Time and temperature controls will be authentic in the aloft address as is adapted for added agnate affable processes (refer to breadth 4.4 of this chapter).

This table is identical to the buzz beef affable table with one exception: the minimum processing time for a minimum centralized artefact temperature of 145°F/62.8°C is 4 annual instead of “instantaneous”. This aberration is because the sausage product’s abate admeasurement after-effects in a abundant quicker cooling and decreased accumulative lethality.

Use a accomplishment activity (combination of fermentation, heating, captivation and/or drying) which has already been scientifically authentic to accomplish a 5D abridgement of E. coli O157:H7.

Manufacturing processes acclimated to accomplish brewed sausages are abandoned advised able adjoin E. coli O157:H7 if it is apparent that they accomplish a 5D reduction, or more, of E. coli O157:H7. The accomplishment activity acclimated charge be evaluated in a authentic address constant with the claiming abstraction recommendations (refer to Advantage 5) of this section.

Under this option, it is not adapted to assay anniversary lot for E. coli O157:H7 or Salmonella. The abettor is adapted to apparatus a microbiological testing affairs for E. coli 0157 and Salmonella as a assay activity for their process.

The abettor charge advance able annal to authenticate that all of the analytic ascendancy credibility (CCP) for the activity accept been met (for example, case diameter, beverage allowance (green room) thermographs, pH at the end of the beverage footfall of the process, aw.)

The afterward processes accept been scientifically authentic as accomplishing a 5D or greater abridgement of E. coli O157:H7.

1 Nicholson, R., et al, Dry brewed sausage and Escherichia coli O157:H7. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Assay Address Cardinal 11-316, Chicago, Illinois, 1996.

2 Hinkens, J.C., et al, Validation of Pepperoni Processes for Ascendancy of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Journal of Aliment Protection, Aggregate 59, Cardinal 12, 1996, pp. 1260-1266.

Where the accomplishment activity does not accord to one of the processes set out beneath options 1, 2 or 4 of this breadth and has not been adjourned in accordance with advantage 5 of this section, the abettor is adapted to assay and ascendancy anniversary assembly lot awaiting satisfactory results.

This advantage accurately requires a microbiological testing affairs of raw meat and concoction for E. coli 0157:H7 and Salmonella as allotment of the operator’s absolute HACCP arrangement and a accomplishment activity (fermentation and holding, heating and/or drying) which has been scientifically authentic as accomplishing at atomic 2D abridgement of E. coli O157:H7.

Manufacturing processes acclimated to accomplish brewed sausages are advised partially able adjoin E. coli O157:H7 if it is apparent that they accomplish 2D to 5D abridgement of E. coli O157:H7. The accomplishment activity acclimated charge be evaluated in a authentic address constant with the claiming abstraction recommendations (refer to Advantage 5, sub-section 4.16.2.2.5). A cardinal of accomplishment processes accept been scientifically accustomed as accomplishing a 2D to 5D reduction. The sampling affairs charge be in accordance with the afterward requirements:

For reference, the afterward methods accept been scientifically authentic as accomplishing a minimum 2D abridgement in E. coli O157:H7:

1 Nicholson, R., et al, Dry brewed sausage and Escherichia coli O157:H7. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Assay Address Cardinal 11-316, Chicago, Illinois, 1996.

This advantage is a validation claiming abstraction to authenticate that the accomplishment activity achieves as 5D abridgement of E. coli 0157:H7.

Establishments which accept to use this advantage to authenticate that their accomplishment activity achieves a 5D abridgement of E. coli O157:H7, may be able to accomplish artefact according to the requirements of Advantage 2 (e.g., not be adapted to assay anniversary lot of artefact for E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella). Alternatively if their accomplishment activity achieves a 2D abridgement of E. coli O157:H7 they may be able to accomplish artefact according to the requirements of Advantage 4 (e.g., HACCP arrangement and testing of raw batter).

The abettor charge accomplish a appeal for the appraisal of the accession accomplishment activity to the Meat Programs Division and the Aliment Assurance Division. Aloft achievement of a acknowledged evaluation, the abettor charge be provided in autograph advertence that the CFIA has evaluated the activity for its adeptness to ascendancy E. coli O157:H7 and that it does not commodity to the abettor appliance the process. Until such accepting is received, the abettor charge accomplish artefact in accordance to one of the added 4 options categorical in this section.

Therefore, absolute cardinal of samples for microbiological analysis:

Time aught (0) = 2After beverage = 0During dehydration = 0End dehydration = 2Total = 4Number of replicates x 3Total samples = 12

Therefore, absolute cardinal of samples for added analysis:

Time aught (0) = 2After beverage = 2During dehydration = 2End dehydration = 2Total = 8Number of replicates x 3Total samples = 24

The aw and pH ethics are analytic in the ascendancy of bacilli as able-bodied as to ensure shelf-stability in all semi-dry and dry brewed meat products. Anniversary assembly lot charge be activated for aw and/or pH in adjustment to verify that the analytic banned are met.

Although aw altitude is binding abandoned for shelf abiding products, it is acerb recommended that the abettor actuate the aw ethics able for anniversary artefact blazon they accomplish and for anniversary assembly line. Once this has been established, common accustomed checks should be made.

For all brewed meat products, in adjustment to abbreviate the crisis of bulge of Clostridium botulinum spores and development of the botulinal adulteration in brewed product, nitrite/nitrate shall be added at a minimum akin of 100 ppm forth with a minimum of 2.5% of salt.

In adjustment to be advised “shelf-stable” and not crave refrigeration, a brewed meat artefact charge accept a minimum of 100 ppm nitrite/nitrate, a minimum of 2.5% of salt, accommodated amount hours requirements (4.16.2.1) and accommodated one of the afterward sets of specific requirements.

The akin of nitrate-nitrite should not baffle with the activity of fermentation.

Fermented articles which do not accommodated these requirements charge be labeled with a algidity statement.

Operators of registered establishments who ambition to bazaar a meat artefact afterwards a algidity acknowledgment which does not accommodated the “shelf stable” belief set out above, charge abide a appeal for the accepting of their angle to the Ambassador in Charge. The acquiescence charge be accompanied by abundant recipe, conception and processing advice for the product. Submissions will be beatific to the Breadth Affairs Specialist for analysis with a Aliment Assurance Microbiology Specialist and Bloom Canada.

Pasteurization of packaged ready-to-eat meat articles may be acclimated to extend shelf activity and to anticipate antibody advance in ready-to-eat meat products.

Packaging abstracts acclimated for this purpose charge be accurately advised to bear the pasteurization process. The abettor charge accumulate annal of all articles pasteurized. The activity may be advised to accomplish apparent heating only; however, the artefact charge be anon cooled to 4°C aural the requirements of breadth 4.5 of this chapter.

High burden processing is an accustomed post-lethality, post-packaging action footfall for RTE meats for the ascendancy of Listeria spp. This activity may be acclimated as an added footfall to enhance the microbiological assurance of these products.

* PSI: Pounds per aboveboard inch** MPa: Megapascal

The abettor is adapted to ensure that any packaging absolute that is acclimated in the auction of aliment articles will not admit any abominable actuality to the meat product, either chemically, physically or microbiologically and charge assure them abundantly to abstain contamination.

Operators charge accommodate affirmation that the packaging absolute acclimated is adapted to abide aerial burden processing treatment. Concerning the acceptability of packaging absolute to aerial burden processing, packaging absolute companies should accelerate their requests to the CFIA’s Aliment Assurance Accident Analysis.

The CFIA website provides added advice on the acquiescence process.

Where applicable, bales advised with aerial burden processing crave refrigeration.

There are no binding labelling requirements associated with the use of aerial burden processing.

For advice on the use of antimicrobial interventions in ready-to-eat meat products, see Affiliate 4, Annex H, Breadth 3.1, Antimicrobial agents and post-lethality procedures.

Packaging abstracts board cartons, wrapping materials, films, complete casings, nettings, trays, pouches, accoutrements and any added absolute which may appear into acquaintance with a meat product. This additionally includes gases acclimated in adapted atmosphere packaging. Packaging abstracts charge not admit any abominable actuality to the meat product, either chemically, physically or microbiologically and charge assure them abundantly to abstain contagion (See MIR, 92, FDR B.23.001)

Packaging procedures charge be included it the operator’s prerequisite programs and HACCP system.

It is the operator’s albatross to actuate accordant areas and non-compatible areas for altered processing steps, as allotment of the prerequisite affairs and HACCP system. Accredit to the FSEP Chiral and Affiliate 3, Prerequisite Programs for added details.

Storage altitude charge in accordance with Affiliate 3 of this manual.

Liners charge be acclimated aback packaging apparent meat articles into unwaxed agenda containers. Every accomplishment charge be fabricated to anticipate the meat articles from advancing into acquaintance with the apparent surfaces of any aircraft containers during filling.

To reclaim agenda containers, the abettor charge accept ascendancy programs in abode that ensure that containers present no accident of contagion to the product, are in able activity with no concrete damage, accept not larboard federal inspectional control, new liners are used, and appropriately are labelled.

The abettor is adapted to advance a advertisement of all of the packaging absolute acclimated in the establishment. Packaging materials, including gases, charge be listed in the Advertence Advertisement of Accustomed Construction Materials, Packaging Abstracts and Non-Food Actinic Products.

The abettor is adapted to advance a advertisement of all of the packaging absolute acclimated in the establishment. It is no best binding to annals packaging abstracts and non-food chemicals. The absolute advertence advertisement will abide to be attainable on the CFIA website but will no best be updated. Amuse accredit to Affiliate 3.6, Pre-requisite Programs for the requirements for able packaging abstracts and non-food actinic products.

Acceptably complete admixture bins may be acclimated for accumulator and busline of air-conditioned or arctic meat products. Whenever admixture bins are acclimated for the accumulator of meat articles in freezers or for the accession of air-conditioned or arctic meat articles from a registered establishment, the meat articles charge be able by able lids or covers to anticipate contamination.

Combo bins cannot not be stored, accumulated and/or abounding anon on the floor. The abettor charge anticipate leakage.

Accepted reusable aircraft containers may be acclimated in registered establishments provided the afterward altitude are met:

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Last Updated: February 20th, 2020 by europ
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