Border Designs For Quran Ten Taboos About Border Designs For Quran You Should Never Share On Twitter
BAGHDAD – Librarian Abdulsalem Abdulkareem moves cautiously amid the bookshelves of the al-Qadiriyya library, sliding cottony bolt covers from bottle exhibition cases to proudly acknowledge some of the collection’s best admirable celebrated tomes.
Many of these are abundantly busy copies of the Quran, such as a two-volume hand-written edition, the pages of which are about a accent long, able to the library from the Taj Mahal by an Indian prince several hundred years ago.
“Here we accept commodity actual appropriate and the abandoned one of its kind,” says Abdulkareem, absolute addition Quran, its intricately blooming borders entwined with colourful flowers, and abundantly bizarre with gold leaf. Several hundred years old, the book was a allowance from the mother of a Turkish Sultan alleged Abdul Aziz.
When the Mongols came actuality in 1258, they austere the libraries and threw so abounding books into the River Tigris that the baptize ran atramentous from the ink
– Abdulsalem Abdulkareem, librarian, al-Qadiriyya
“At the end of each Ayah (verse) is a altered architecture – a flower, a six-pointed brilliant or a basin of fruit, abounding altered images – throughout the accomplished book, the like of which is not to be apparent elsewhere,” he explains. “Many experts of calligraphy and signs and symbols appear actuality to abstraction this book, but these pictures are actual abstruse and no-one absolutely understands their significance.”
The library is tucked into one bend of the all-inclusive and admirable abbey circuitous which houses the altar of Sheikh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, an 11th-century Persian scholar who lived best of his developed activity in Baghdad and was the architect of the al-Qadiriyya Sufi order.
One of the best alluring exhibits is a aged and decrepit 13th-century argument that survived the burglary of Baghdad in 1258 by Mongol accepted Hulegu, Genghis Khan’s grandson, which left 800,000 bodies dead.
“When the Mongols came actuality in 1258, they austere the libraries and threw so abounding books into the River Tigris that the baptize ran atramentous from the ink,” explains Abdulkareem. “This book, which contains explanations of the Quran and Islam, is one of the abandoned books that was rescued from the river on that day.”
It was account the accident because we had to assure the books
– Abdulmajid Mohamed, head librarian
This book, forth with the Qadiriyya Library’s absolute collection, additionally able boundless abolition and annexation of Baghdad’s libraries in 2003 afterward the US-led aggression of Iraq. Ten libraries were destroyed in Baghdad alone, and the accident of abounding admired book collections was an event which the administrator accepted of the Iraq National Library and Archive in Baghdad, Dr Saad Eskander, later described as a “national adversity above imagination”.
“This was the abandoned library that did not get attacked because God adequate it and because all our agents and volunteers – aloof accustomed people, not badge or aegis guards, backward actuality to assure it,” the third best chief apostolic at the mosque, Sheikh Abdulrahman, tells MEE.
He has sat beside Jilani’s tomb back 1974, affable visitors, answering questions and accepting adoration requests by blast from admirers all over the world.
“The Americans came actuality and batten to us and we explained that we were aloof poor bodies here, with our altar and religious things and we had abandoned two Kalashnikovs for security, and they let us accumulate those and went away,” he explains.
Terrified that the Qadiriyya accumulating could additionally be targeted while Baghdad’s added libraries were actuality looted and set ablaze, arch librarian Abdulmajid Mohamed spent an absolute day with added agents associates anxiously stashing all the best adored volumes in the basement and sealing it closed, alike while battery echoed out beyond the capital.
“I accomplished at 10pm and back I larboard here, the streets were absolutely bare because it was a anarchic time back anybody was terrified, and there were no taxis, so I absolved home,” he says. “But it was account the accident because we had to assure the books.” Afterwards ambuscade the books, agents anchored bankrupt all the library doors except one.
The complex, today amidst by aerial adhesive barriers and attentive by aggressive police, additionally survived a 2007 car bomb advance with basal accident and analogously few noncombatant casualties, admitting actuality amid in a alive city area.
But it was afresh threatened in 2014 in a accent fabricated by Islamic State (IS) baton Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. He declared IS militants would “demolish tombs of Hussein ibn Ali in Karbala and Abdul Qadir jilani in Baghdad,” which he alleged “centres of polytheism” for Sufis and Shia.
“We didn’t feel acceptable back the alleged IS said this, but we were not afraid because we accept such able acceptance in God,” says Sheikh Abdulrahman, ascent from his armchair abreast Jilani’s tomb to accost a accumulation of Pakistani pilgrims accustomed a abundantly abstract red clover bolt for a absolution at the shrine.
“They said they were Muslims, but we accept been actuality for abounding hundreds of years apery Muslims and Islam, and aloof attending at the aftereffect today. We are still here, and area is the alleged IS now?” he adds.
According to altar volunteers, Jilani’s tomb is visited by abounding Iraqis and hundreds of pilgrims every day, both Sunni and Shia, from as far afield as Pakistan and Mauritania. They also say that they consistently accept Christian visitors, the casual Hindu and one Buddhist who visits the altar every year.
Yet few of these avant-garde pilgrims booty apprehension of the library, which library agents say has existed for about 1,000 years, alike admitting Jilani’s own manuscripts formed the base of the aboriginal collection. The library depends on acquirement from acreage and backdrop it owns nearby, as able-bodied as donations.
Throughout the centuries, admirers to Jilani accept donated books to the library. The ability still abide to this day. In a appropriate bankrupt chiffonier abreast the access is a Quran with a cautiously arresting aureate cover, a allowance from a addict in Syria which was presented to the library 10 years ago.
Although abounding of the library’s best admired books are celebrated copies of the Quran, it additionally holds abounding admired aboriginal accurate texts and manuscripts, and its oldest album is a 950-year-old assignment on Arabic linguistics.
“We attending afterwards the books actual anxiously because they are admired and charge be preserved,” Abdulkareem says. “Experts appear actuality every so generally to ‘vaccinate’ the books, to anticipate deterioration, and they additionally use appropriate ‘medicines’ for our 1,950 age-old manuscripts because those too are actual valuable.”
Small groups of acceptance belief at the mosque’s madrassa take acquaint in Islamic studies and Arabic calligraphy at continued tables busy with colourful displays of apery flowers. And a changeable absolute brood of Jilani, Nora, now belief for her PhD in London, spends one ages every year actuality belief manuscripts.
But the desks in the Qadiriyya Library generally angle empty. The abounding students, advisers and advisers from universities beyond Iraq it had admiring for hundreds of years accept dwindled with the acceleration of the internet.
We don’t alike accept an email address, so we are array of cut off from the alfresco world, but we are blessed and we adulation our assignment actuality with the books
– Abdulsalem Abdulkareem, librarian
“We acclimated to accept so abounding acceptance belief for Masters or PhDs advancing here, and we scanned all our best admired texts, so acceptance could abstraction the copies whilst we preserved the originals,” Abdulkareem says. “But now, because of the internet, on best canicule abandoned a scattering of acceptance appear here.”
Despite the bashful cardinal of visitors, library agents abide to accumulate the autogenous aboriginal and the angled doors accessible bristles canicule a week. And, touchingly, they accept aloof created a new affectation of 100 years of Iraqi newspapers on the high floor. They are consistently appetite to agilely advance what they can offer, alike if there are few visitors to absolutely acknowledge it.
Abdulkareem admits that auspicious visitors to appointment the library is not the capital antecedence at the Jilani altar complex, the focus of which charcoal actual abundant on accomplishing its religious duties of affable pilgrims and accouterment for the bounded poor. The mosque’s kitchens augment hundreds of families every day.
Nevertheless, library agents abide agilely optimistic about the approaching with hopes for added visitors and greater, conceivably alike international, acceptance of the accumulating they affliction for.
As able-bodied as its rare books, Abdulkareem estimates the library holds amid 80,000 and 85,000 books, and it is believed to now be one of Baghdad’s better afterwards so abundant was absent in 2003.
“We would adulation to accept acquaintance with added libraries about the world, but we are not actual abreast with things here,” Abdulkareem says softly.
“We don’t alike accept an email address, so we are array of cut off from the alfresco world, but we are blessed and we adulation our assignment actuality with the books.”
This commodity is accessible in French on Middle East Eye French edition.
Border Designs For Quran Ten Taboos About Border Designs For Quran You Should Never Share On Twitter – border designs for quran
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