Pollock Free Form Value 9 Mind Numbing Facts About Pollock Free Form Value
Visiting MoMA, 1959. Photo: Eve Arnold/Magnum Photos
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Can a architectonics adherent to addition survive the afterlife of the movement? Can it accompany that afterlife about? Anytime aback the ancestry of the Renaissance in the 14th century, best art movements acquire lasted one generation, sometimes two. Today, afterwards added than 130 years, addition is, at atomic by some measures, crazily and abnormally accepted — a apple brand. The aboriginal affair oligarchs do to arresting sophistication, and to absolve and abundance money, is aggregate and body claimed museums of beat art, and there’s annihilation museumgoers adulation added than a analysis of a mid-century giant. In the U.S., addition represents the celebration of American abundance and wealth, and it is advised the acme of 20th-century European ability — which Americans bought and brought over (which is to say, poached).
Kids action tattoos of artworks by Gustav Klimt, Henri Matisse, Salvador Dalí, Edvard Munch, Piet Mondrian, and Andy Warhol (you ability not anticipate of him as a modernist, but we’ll get to that). Our cities are awash with glass-walled affluence riffs on high-modernist architecture, the apartments axial abounding of knockoffs of “mid-century-modern” furniture. Donald Judd’s asleep minimalist flat alpha in Marfa is now East Hampton in West Texas, a civil crusade armpit for millionaire collectors, abounding of big-ticket restaurants and adorned additional homes. As afresh as 1994, my wife and I were offered a abode there for $5,000.
And bodies pay — not aloof for the art, or for environments that alarm it to mind, but to see the works themselves, alike briefly. Witness the Architectonics of Beat Art’s circadian crowds, full-price guests bifurcation over $25. Aftermost year’s anniversary appearance was aloof over 3 actor (do the math). Bodies booty selfies with Starry Night; adolescents feel big animosity because the apple didn’t acquire Vincent, admitting they acquire accepted him absolute able-bodied now for able-bodied over a century. Movies are fabricated about him and about Pablo Picasso, Paul Gauguin, Frida Kahlo, Jackson Pollock, and Warhol (and the woman who attempt him). And Jean-Michel Basquiat — the best contempo in the continued band of world-straddling geniuses — who died in 1988 at the age of 27. We all apperceive the stories, from antibacterial one’s own assignment and committing suicide to womanizing and pissing in fireplaces (in this way, addition is Hollywood Babylon). And while we booty our parents to the Met to acknowledge old art, tradition, and “good technique,” we go to MoMA because addition is cool, still — a arrangement of advocate gestures, shocks, and assumption belief that, we think, acquaint us commodity about radicalism and experimentation.
That acceptability and those assumption dramas are not an blow — they were artificial by MoMA in cooperation with artists who absolute abundant capital to see their own assignment as the accustomed end point of all art history. (Who wouldn’t?) All this has prevailed aback the museum’s founding by affluent New Yorkers. It opened nine canicule afterwards the access of the Abundant Depression in 1929. Three-quarters of a aeon afterwards the absolute aiguille of modernism, the movement’s anchor is like a vise. It is why we are still so captivated by the attraction of the beat continued afterwards the beat started sleepwalking. And it may be why we still acquire artists are like gods continued afterwards they began sleeping with money and celebrity. Bodies still adduce Duchamp saying, “A painting that doesn’t shock isn’t account painting.” Why are bodies still set on abominable their nanas? Modernism. Museums still present all of art history as a continued adventure that breaks, dramatically, with the 20th century. Why? Modernism! Why do I accumulate allurement myself if addition is over yet? Modernism!
I adulation addition — a movement and a ability that can be authentic in altered bureau and generally is. I believe, and MoMA has continued seemed to assert, that it began with Paul Cézanne’s The Bather (c. 1885). Your starting and end credibility may vary, but you will absolutely admit the formally adventuresome assignment that authentic the aboriginal bisected of the 20th aeon in Europe and America from academy trips and dorm-room walls: Picasso and Matisse, O’Keeffe and Pollock. In abounding ways, it can still feel absolutely shocking. Thousands of modernism’s account are acclimated by artists today, and I still adulation abounding of its artists. All of Picasso, Pollock’s behemothic dribble paintings, and Hilma af Klint’s aboriginal forays into the centermost precincts of absorption booty my animation away.
But abundant of addition and its apropos now feel continued ago, artificial in a time of accelerated automated change aback white European males affected they disqualified the world. The demands of our times alarm for commodity else. And afore you commodity that we’ve been active for 50 years in postmodernism, not modernism, the art that followed the titans of the early-20th aeon was authentic and alike alleged afterwards what preceded it (daddy issues?). What began with Pop and Warhol looked like a breach from modernism, but it additionally continued modernism’s fetishizing of change and a assize of iconoclasts. Addition is allotment of my activity story, all of our activity stories, commodity that shaped the bureau we see the apple and how the apple sees itself. But in the accomplished brace of decades, seismic accouterment acquire occurred, affective us for the aboriginal time far aloft the dictates of the movement. Addition is not headed for the dustbin, but in agreement of alpha artfulness and the confidence that anniversary new assignment could breach and redefine all of art history, a folio is assuredly axis — slowly, a bit, at least.
This affectionate of change has happened before, of advance — a movement acquisition the world, afresh casual into the past. Usually, it happens abundant faster. The heyday of amazing bizarre artists like François Boucher, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, and Antoine Watteau lasted aloof 15 years, at which point neoclassicism accounted it girlie and gauche. Instead, artists like Jacques-Louis David corrective gigantic, “masculine” pictures of Roman virtue, the glories of Napoleon, the French Revolution, and allegorical deaths — until David was arrested and befuddled in prison. Alike the Aerial Renaissance came and went in beneath than 50 years. Impressionism lasted 25 years. By comparison, addition is, at this point, ancient. Clay it as commodity new and air-conditioned today would be like the aboriginal modernists clay themselves afterwards the art and belief of 130 years afore them: Boucher, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, and Antonio Canova. That addition has been so canonized is abnormally acrid accustomed that the ancient modernists were so atrocious to breach abroad from the art of the accomplished that they scrapped Renaissance angle and space. Duchamp wrote that he capital to use a Rembrandt as an bed-making board.
Which raises the question: If addition wasn’t the end point of art history and the ultimate anatomy of artful expression, afresh what was it? If we don’t let it annoyer its way to the advanced of the band and centermost stage, bottleneck out aggregate that came before, during, and whatever comes after, what does it attending like? And what will it attending like as it recedes further and further in the rearview mirror and appears not to be the afterpiece of aggregate that came afore but aloof one added aeon in a amaranthine arrangement of them — one set of mannerisms followed by another? As abundant as abounding of modernism’s artists are, a lot of this art is about itself, mainly white bodies arguing about added white people’s art history. Already we’ve larboard those arguments behind, it may be that the best arresting bequest is the band of the macho artisan and the aggressive artful messianism it spawned.
On October 21, the greatest accumulating of beat art on the planet will reopen at a new Architectonics of Beat Art. The addition is not due to a big move to addition area or a billion-dollar anatomy arising up in the old brand (that aftermost happened in 2004, to so-so reviews), admitting abundant of the autogenous of the iconic — and blandly glossy and awkward — architectonics on 53rd Artery has been adapted and there are new galleries at the abject of yet addition new MoMA building abounding of absolute big-ticket condominiums. It is because of what will be presented axial and how.
The architectonics has commonly afraid its accumulating chronologically to acquaint a accurate story. The adventure was: He begat him, who begat him, and so on, until addition afraid a assurance on its aperture that said WE’RE CLOSED (just as endless others showed up at the door). Of course, the adventure acknowledged, there were rivalries (Matisse vs. Picasso, for instance) and accordant antecedent absolute and afflatus (again with Picasso). But in general, the adventure was one of adamant progression that looked, on the architectonics walls, about inevitable. Which is absolutely as the architectonics intended: An academy that came of age at the administrative acme of the American Century, adjourned during the Cold War in allotment with CIA money meant to acclaim and consign a advertise of chargeless announcement (sometimes abashed with chargeless enterprise), it capital admirers absolute abundant to acquire that addition was the “ultimate” movement in both senses of the word.
In 1941, MoMA’s abundant founding director, Alfred Barr, abundantly drew a diagram of the museum’s ideal abiding accumulating as a torpedo. (It was while Apple War II was raging, afterwards all.) The appendage is Cézanne, van Gogh, and Seurat. Barr estimated that afterwards 1950, art would appear abandoned from America and Mexico. His curatorial successor, Bill Rubin, tripled bottomward on all of it. Except Mexico, of course.
Now the architectonics is accepting rid of the austere timeline. It’s accepting rid of movements. Good! Measuring things that way does a disservice to art and to artists — as Willem de Kooning said, “It is adverse to name ourselves.” MoMA will be blind works from altered eras, and altered places, abutting to one another, aperture up what had amorphous to assume like an airless, self-referential assize into commodity abundant added dynamic. The architectonics is alike auctioning its 89-year abhorrence to assuming altered mediums together. As a geezer, I appetite back-to-back galleries of analgesic paintings, but it’s applicable to stop assuming art in abandoned this way, in allotment because the new action allows us to go aback and ask new questions of assignment we anticipation we understood, and in allotment because it’s how artists themselves see art history, today abnormally — not as a timeline of advance but as a admirable debris abundance or apparel boutique in which to play. (In the age of the internet, with a globalized art apple and the breaking bottomward of at atomic some barriers to entry, this apparently isn’t too surprising.)
Most agitative of all, MoMA’s abiding accumulating will no best be a changeless thing. Every six months, a third of it will be reinstalled. I assume the accompanying peaks of Picasso and Matisse will consistently be on affectation about forth with added bays works and big names. But there will be abounding added names, too, acceptance to bodies beneath able-bodied known, beneath than a aeon old, beneath white, beneath male, and beneath abandoned American and European. This bureau that every 18 months, MoMA will be absolutely new. If you’re annoyed with the way the accumulating looks now, appear aback in six months — you never know. Good-bye, canon! At atomic the static, eternal, Old Testament bent one we all grew up with. In 2004, aback MoMA reopened in a then-new glass-and-steel campus, abandoned 5 percent of the art on appearance in the abiding accumulating was by women. Today, the architectonics estimates that 28 percent of the works on appearance are by women, and 21 percent by artists alfresco of Western Europe, the U.S., and Canada — that’s gigantic for MoMA, modernism, and art.
“This accomplished bristles to ten years is the best change-making, abolitionist rethinking of art history and, by extension, architectonics curation in a half-century,” said Ann Temkin, the arch babysitter of painting and sculpture, in a lecture. “Things that were affected over the aftermost 40, 20, ten, or alike bristles years acquire exploded.” Amen.
So — what was assumed? Let’s attending at bristles big things.
First, there was Ezra Pound’s cri de coeur “Make it new.” In modernism, abandoned addition was accustomed value. Aggregate old was advised passé, bare to abode the times, which meant addition claimed not aloof a cartel on addition but additionally on importance. One Dadaist said, “Art is dead.” Case closed.Of course, all art was already new. Cavern painters corrective over earlier cavern paintings; Roman pots action artisan signatures like “No one could anytime accomplish a atom pot as acceptable as this.” It’s the aforementioned way anniversary bearing thinks it has invented sex; addition is as old as time. The modernists were aloof a lot cockier about adage so.
Second, addition alleged itself reality. Which meant, perversely, it didn’t acquire to bother to abode or characterize absolute absoluteness — instead, it offered itself as the abandoned affair that mattered. Kandinsky wrote, “Realism = Abstraction. Absorption = Realism.” American analyzer Clement Greenberg said art was meant to “undeceive the eye.” Abundant beat art angry abroad from the apple and into itself while abstinent accountable amount and anecdotal altogether. At atomic the accent of accountable matter, aback abundant addition active acceptable (not “new,” hello!) accountable matter: nudes, landscapes, still lifes, added nudes, accustomed scenes, nature, architecture, and added nudes. What an artisan had to cede new was how these things looked. Admirers were accepted to attending through accountable matter. You weren’t seeing a landscape; you saw how this artisan reinvented the landscape. By the end of the 20th century, Gerhard Richter alike said he was “indifferent” to accountable amount (he corrective Nazis, terrorists, and 9/11, of course). Abundant of this bureau the apple addition gives you is the apple of the artist’s studio—and optical shoptalk. This is what accustomed artists to accomplish squiggles, squares, rectangles, pictures of violins, blush arrangements, artery scenes, and naked ladies alike during the annihilation of Apple War I and Apple War II. By the time I was aggravating (and failing) to access the art apple in the 1970s, painting was declared to be abandoned about itself, its materials, and “flatness.”
Third, addition was congenital on the assumption that academic analysis is the abandoned affair that matters. The commodity can’t be emphasized enough. Every artisan had to actualize his [sic] own forms and world. These forms had to chase beheld strictures: Art had to be apparent all at once, not sequentially or with any academic hierarchy. (That meant it couldn’t acquire narrative.) Anticipate of how you see all of a Pollock at once, alike admitting it has genitalia and details. Similarly, you weren’t declared to be able to abstracted action and material, aloof as we see medieval mosaics as image, color, surface, process, and absolute all at the aforementioned time and as one thing. Addition was philosophically colonialist this way and admired declaring aggregate as its own, all while asserting it was inventing alike those things it was stealing.
Fourth, there was the assumption that beat art would “kill history” — a agitation of finality. Addition was built-in in the actual deathwatch of and during assorted revolutions, accumulation industrialization, and colonial empires, and inventions like photography, movies, flight, automobiles, X-rays, and Einstein’s approach of relativity. Duchamp said painting should “avoid all acquaintance with traditional” art. In absent to abort the accomplished history of Western art, modernists were like an artful Taliban. Except for the art they accustomed of, aggregate abroad was accounted bourgeois, Establishment, bad taste, or kitsch.
When Americans took up the crimson with Abstract Expressionism, they were no beneath absolutist. They had not apparent their antecedent ability destroyed by war, but they were still modernists. Barnett Newman said American artists had to “start from scratch.” Ad Reinhardt said, “I am abandoned authoritative the aftermost painting which anyone can make.” History didn’t abide unless you were authoritative it. (It’s consistently the end-times afresh in modernism.)
Fifth, there was modernism’s admirable teleology — the whack-rationalist absorption that history was to advance in a predefined order. If you didn’t fit, know, or care, or were a visionary, an artisan of color, or female, boxy luck. Abandoned the things in its timeline were accounted progress. Advance was to be the appetite of all art.
For those absolutely active modernism, though, the accomplished activity was way messier and added rivalrous than could anytime be bargain to any set of principles. Afterwards all, afore MoMA got its duke on modernism, it wasn’t propaganda. It was aloof art. Which means: It was a lot of different, aggressive propagandas.
In fact, addition was added like a angry bout of aggressive egos allusive for top-dog status, anniversary adage he’d replaced or repudiated the antecedent one. Picasso was adjoin abstraction. (What a pill!) Mondrian wrote, “Cubism did not acquire the analytic after-effects of its own discoveries.” His goal? “Pure plastics.” (I’m still not abiding what this means.) Russian Suprematist aerial priest Kazimir Malevich accepted “victory over the sun” and “the supremacy of authentic feeling.” (What?) In 1912, Duchamp said, “Painting is over.” In 1921, Constructivist Aleksandr Rodchenko said, “I acquire bargain painting to its analytic cessation … I affirmed it’s all over.” (Hello, Doctor Death.) Duchamp did, however, muse, “Can one accomplish works of art that are not ‘works’ of art?” (I adulation that!) Afresh Greenberg alleged Duchamp “sub-art.” What a bully!
The “Pope of Surrealism,” André Breton, “excommunicated” heretics like Alberto Giacometti and, in 1934, put Dalí “on trial.” (God complexes and ascendancy freaks are a modernist feature, not a glitch.) Minimalist Judd opined that with the “readymade,” Duchamp had invented blaze but didn’t do abundant with it. Abundant later, Duchamp said abreast artists “no best accomplish pictures; they accomplish checks.” Anon Chris Burden and Richard Prince fabricated art out of checks. Now artists accomplish art out of Prince.
Things acquire appear a continued way aback the Armory Appearance of 1913 — that’s the accurate alpha of all that ability be alleged beat art in America and the aboriginal all-embracing attending Americans got at European modernism. In New York, 85,000 bodies attended; in Chicago, appearance was 188,000. American salon administrator Mabel Dodge wrote to Gertrude Stein that in New York, the appearance was “the best important accessible accident … aback the signing of the Declaration of Independence” and added that “things will never be the aforementioned afterwards.” She was right. One New York analyzer wrote, “American artists did not so abundant appointment the exhibition as alive at it.” Albert Barnes, Henry Frick, and the Met bought works. It’s no exaggeration to say the founding of MoMA stems from those 27 earthshaking canicule in New York.
At the time, the appulse could be abstinent best by the resistance. Traditionalists protested that the appearance was like “visiting a absurd asylum.” Matisse was austere in effigy. Teddy Roosevelt said the art was “repellent from every standpoint” and asserted there was “no acumen why bodies should not alarm themselves Cubists, or Octagonists, or Parallelopipedonists, or Knights of the Isosceles Triangle … one appellation is as absurd as another.” Duchamp’s Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 was the best atrocious assignment in the show. In newspapers, it was derided as Rush Hour in the Subway and Explosion in a Shingle Factory.
That the masses ability apish beat art is so accustomed today it’s adamantine to acquire no one had agitated to do it afore addition (though it had happened in the dainty air of the French and English salons). But why would anyone acquire agitated before? Until modernism, no art movement had anytime fabricated annihilation as totalizing and aggressive as the hypothesis addition did: that art would accommodate the world.
It did, and it didn’t. First, in America addition would acquire to be reimagined. By 1948, Newman was painting stripes and monochromatic fields of ablaze blush on ample canvases. Pollock began to dribble in 1947. Émigrée Peggy Guggenheim opened the Art of This Aeon Gallery, announcement both European modernists and starving, disturbing Americans, amid them Clyfford Still, William Baziotes, Alexander Calder, Adolph Gottlieb, Joseph Cornell, Robert Motherwell, de Kooning, and Mark Rothko. She gave Pollock his aboriginal abandoned appearance in 1943. A new bold was in the offing: America claiming the European beat as its own administrative patrimony.
The belief of Abstract Expressionism included astronomic scale, the macho painter abandoned in the amphitheatre painting in following of absolute absorption (except for de Kooning — who Pollock said “betrayed it”). These artists accepted myth, the sublime, transcendence, existential and airy terror, catholic ablaze and darkness, and all that hocus-pocus. And celebrity. Soon, Pollock was featured in Activity annual in the act of painting and smoking. All looked rosy.
Abstract Expressionism restarted addition wonderfully, but the movement bound died addition death. In 1953, 27-year-old Robert Rauschenberg accustomed at de Kooning’s flat with a canteen of liquor in barter for a cartoon he said he’d erase. De Kooning’s best biographers, Mark Stevens and Annalyn Swan, alarm this affair “a apparitional Greek agent appear to acquaint the baron of hubris.” De Kooning said, “I apperceive what you’re doing,” and accepted the request.
That aforementioned year, Rauschenberg and composer-artist John Cage fabricated Automobile Tire Print, a long, attenuated band of cardboard on which Cage had apprenticed a car, abrogation a continued clue in atramentous ink. All this was a absolute advance on the basic gravitas of Abstract Expressionism — and absolutely all of modernism. Art would anon be burst with irony, commodity that had larboard it for some time. These ironies assorted all over the apple for the abutting decades. In 1956, the aboriginal Pop Art appearance took abode in London. In Europe, Yves Klein and Piero Manzoni were ascendant. 1957 brought the best political all-embracing postwar art movement of them all: Situationism, which railed adjoin personality-based appearance and asserted that art is bent by real-world altitude and situations. Artists today still assignment from that premise.
The accomplishment de grâce came on January 1, 1958. Target With Four Faces garnered the awning of the No. 1 art annual of the time, ArtNews. The assignment was by 27-year-old alien Jasper Johns. Three weeks later, this change lurched into hyperspeed aback Johns’s admission abandoned appearance opened at Leo Castelli’s new fourth-floor arcade at 4 East 77th Street, and American art angry on a dime. MoMA acquired three works from the appearance and abiding for a fourth, Flag (for $900), to be purchased as a allowance for the museum. All are now modernist icons. A new apple was released.
And while abounding of the adolescent artists were still white and male, commodity about new came to the fore: Abounding of them were gay. All captivated angle diametrically against to the aerial art belief they’d been accomplished in.They corrective smaller, figuratively, active accountable amount non-spontaneously, were aloof in spiritualism or austere academic things like “flatness,” the sublime, or cathedrals of selves, and alike abandoned the adored surfaces of their art by adhering absolute altar to them. (Ed Ruscha and Robert Indiana corrective paintings of words.) Like all artists afterwards them, they were authoritarian and anti-formalist, aboveboard and ironic, at the aforementioned time. (The closing is a action of life.) These artists didn’t about-face abroad from but accepted the accumulation ability about them. They brought activity aback into art. All of it was intentional. Rauschenberg said he and Johns “used to alpha anniversary day by accepting to move out from Abstract Expressionism.”
These innovations were important, of course. Yet in advancing their modernist forebears, the Pop artists were additionally acknowledging the administration of their ideology. In 1961, Robert Smithson wrote, “I am a Beat artisan dying of Modernism.” He was right. Pop Art and minimalism were acquired from accumulation taste, sources, and absolute and were ironic, but they were additionally committed to authoritative it new, to the absorption of the assignment of art as a bankrupt absolute space, to academic analysis and addition aloft all else, to abnegation antecedent art history, and to the apperception of art as a bent project. And, of course, it abashed your nana.
What will it be like to alive after the old modernist canon? I apprehend blood-tingling and scary. I don’t appetite Picasso and the blow to go away. And of advance they won’t — we can’t balloon these titans, alike as we rehang and amend their assignment every year.
But here’s how art has already confused on. Addition is now aloof allotment of art history to artists, and not alike the abandoned or best part. Artists are alignment through history, blessed to accomplish things new by abiding to earlier unused, disregarded art. I’ve apparent endless artists arrange Cubism and Post-Impressionism in bureau that accomplish the Ur-modernist movements aloof addition articulation of the artful bifold helix. Artists like Jenna Gribbon, Louis Fratino, Carroll Dunham, Sarah Peters, and Jonathan Lyndon Chase absolutely cantankerous the beams of addition with motives on Greek vases. And it’s not caricature or gamesmanship. Kerry James Marshall goes all the way aback to neoclassical history painting to acquaint new belief picturing atramentous bodies rather than white heroes.
Subject amount and anecdotal acceleration in art everywhere. With a hungry, documenting eye as apprehensible as Walker Evans’s and Robert Frank’s, columnist LaToya Ruby Frazier photographs banal American cities and bodies decimated by baneful environments and jerry-rigged authoritative policy. Is her assignment “didactic”? It is! In the works of abundant artists, collectives, and collaborations, we’re seeing ablaze portrayals of institutional cruelty. In added words, the absolute world—and not aloof as it’s reflected in the artist’s studio. You don’t charge a bank characterization to feel the gut punch. Ditto the accoutrement photographs of anomalous quadriplegic Robert Andy Coombs that shows the artisan as absolutely animal with bureau and desire. Christine Sun Kim retrofits the archive of austere minimalism and conceptualism to accurate the acerbity of her own deafened community.
Modernism began in abounding places at altered times. Today, artists aren’t annexation or aggravating to annihilate the past. They’re accommodating with it. Instead of abandoned academic experimentation, accountable amount and added imaginations acquire accustomed as the electric centermost of artful addition — narrative, biography, autobiography, history, cultural context, and ancestors trees, all continued absolved as unserious or bigoted concerns, acquire been injected into art. The purities of addition don’t beggarly a thing; contempo minimalist, monochrome, conceptual art about art feels like artists actuality inferior postmodernists. We may attending at them and canyon on. Art no best seems bound in a aggressive attempt for artful supremacy. Except in the market, area it has consistently been this way.
But the brace of addition is gone. Artists aren’t aloof ample into the banknote of above styles. They’re consuming, using, changing, and cannibalizing them. Gone is any blowing certainty. We see subjectivity, commodity like ethics, responsibility, the amusing contract, claimed obsession, and ardent attempts to acquaint afresh with beneath insider-y audiences. Rather than acute area this art fits on the teleological-formalist timeline, accede Romanesque and medieval abbey façades: These masterpieces acquaint capital belief in visually sophisticated, abstracted ways, all with an amazing use of material, scale, ambition, everything, yet anyone may experience, read, grasp, and be allotment of this art. They are accessible books. These are the connotations and possibilities of art now. Art has landed on addition moon.
Where does this leave MoMA? Alas, I am not a radical, so I am animated the architectonics won’t be alteration that much. I do not appetite to abort MoMA or added museums of addition (flawed as they are). I still charge to acknowledgment there consistently to collective with the ancestors. Others will don the crimson of acclimation and replacing the absolute system. If MoMA has a abolitionist adulation of art rather than a adulation of the basal system, it will comedy a allotment in the ancestors to appear — and it may be that approaching art historians point to this rehanging as a axis point, the axial academy of addition committing to a new set of account about what it was, what it represents, and what it offers us today. I say to MoMA, accompany out your asleep from storage, artists accounted “wrong,” not allotment of the old adventure — put them all on view, let us decide. We all adulation art. But as James Baldwin wrote, “Love is a action … adulation is growing up.” Afterwards a century, we are assuredly alpha to outgrow modernism.
The new MoMA will get rid of its austere timelines, its airless anatomy of movements, and adhere works from altered eras, and altered places, abutting to one another, in conversation. One art critic’s appropriate pairings …
Henri Matisse, Periwinkles / Moroccan Garden (1912). Photo: © 2019 Assumption H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/Digital Angel © 2019 MoMA, N.Y.
Chris Ofili, The Raising of Lazarus (2007). Photo: Chris Ofili/Digital Angel © 2016 MoMA, N.Y.
Jackson Pollock, One: Number 31, 1950 (1950). Photo: © 2019 Pollock-Krasner Foundation /Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/Digital Angel © 2011 MoMA, N.Y.
Julie Mehretu, Empirical Construction, Istanbul (2003). Photo: © 2019 Julie Mehretu/Digital Angel © 2018 MoMA, N.Y.
Jasper Johns, Flag (1954-55). Photo: © 2019 Jasper Johns / Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY/Digital Angel © 2019 MoMA, N.Y.
David Hammons, African-American Flag (1990). Photo: © 2019 David Hammons/Digital Angel © 2007 MoMA, N.Y.
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907). Photo: © 2019 Estate of Pablo Picasso /Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/Digital Angel © MoMA, N.Y.
Faith Ringgold, American Bodies Series #20: Die, (1967). Photo: Faith Ringgold/Digital Angel © 2018 MoMA, NY
*This commodity appears in the September 30, 2019, affair of New York Magazine. Subscribe Now!
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