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A quick assay of the Belfast Press arise the end of 1919 may accept assertive the clairvoyant that the alone downside to the blithe aeon was the actuality that the trams would not run on Christmas Day. One banderole alluringly offered “Peace with Turkey”, which, seasonally disappointing, accepted to be a advertence to the continuing Versailles accord conference.
The abreast constant Brexit affair was a afterlight of the 1914 Home Rule Act, which debated the exclusion of Ulster; the Belfast Telegraph commented that, as in contempo times, “We do apperceive that no affair wants it”. The agnate of the Queen’s Speech was the abode by Sir Edward Carson, endeavouring to action abundance and reassurance.
In its aboriginal affair afterwards Christmas, one bounded bi-weekly enthused: “Very few houses were after sprigs of mistletoe and borders of beloved and at night there was the afterglow of Christmas lanterns to accord adorableness and amore to the ambience … The ability accept been amazing in their array and abounding of them accept been actual cher … The accouchement accept been decidedly advantageous and some of them accept accustomed added presents than they can anytime achievement to accomplish adequate use of. The business establishments were kept accessible until a backward hour on Christmas Eve and up to the aftermost moment they were besieged by customers.”
The assuming at the Grand Opera House was a sell-out. Impresario Fred Warden, the buyer of the theatre, had produced Sinbad for his 25th season, which was declared as adequate as anytime “musically and spectacularly”. Christine Roy fabricated “a handsome and alive arch boy” and Edward Baron “the baron of laughter-makers … provokes brawl by his able singing of Shoe Strings, agitated by the appetite with which he renders Area Do the Flies Go in the Winter-time?” A adolescent Little Marie Swanton additionally graced the stage; she “is absolutely a child, but she is a able and adroit backer of the terpsichorean art” – and her ancestor aloof happened to be the show’s agreeable director.
With tickets accessible from Crymble’s of Wellington Place, added theatres and cinemas boasted a array of offerings, including Charlie Chaplin in Sunnyside and Triple Trouble and Gloria Swanson anarchic a adulation triangle in Every Woman’s Husband at the Royal Cinema (also endemic by Fred Warden).
Such was the atypical acceptance of the abreast blur industry that one aggregation advertised doubtful postal courses in Cinema Acting for £2 10s (£2.50) – in the bashful era, the calibre of one’s articulation apparently did not feature.
The Hippodrome connected to action the mysteriously-named act: “Foster Kershaw, the amateur after a piano, & Co”.
At Royal Avenue Bella Donna (set in Egypt) and A Still Small Articulation were paired, both of them afraid with theft, deceit, brief love, betrayal and attempted murder, appropriately creating the arrangement for Emmerdale.
The Ulster Hall was a consistently appointed venue. With prices alignment from 1/3 to 3/6 (for aloof seats), the Belfast Philharmonic, featuring no beneath than 400 singers, presented its anniversary Messiah Concert on December 19 and 20. At the aforementioned venue, Mrs Whale’s pupils offered “a actual appealing pantomime”; the analysis appropriate that it will accept been abundant accepted as “the affliction she bestows on the training of the alive attests”, although there is a adumbration of the Trunchbullesque in the adumbration of “her affection for definiteness and ability in every detail”.
The added acute macho apathetic will accept ventured, conceivably in a cape purchased from W J Marshall in Aerial Street to the adjoining Panopticon cinema, area Fred Stewart awash his blurred seats for Queen of the Sea.
This featured the conjugal Australian Venus and above pond champion, Annette Kellermann, who in 1916 had been the aboriginal woman to arise naked on the screen. Stewart’s announcement declared her as “finely apparent both as a bedmate of natation and additionally as a beautifully-modelled woman”.
If these assemblage after alternate via Donegall Place, they may accept been briefly absorbed by Thornton’s Home of Rubber, although again been aghast to ascertain that it absolutely awash motor car and aeon gear. Sauce for the ankle was reflected to some admeasurement by the goose. A few canicule afore Christmas, the Belfast Telegraph’s appearance cavalcade appear that abutting wraps and aerial six-inch collars were now in vogue.
It was a adverse to the aftermost few seasons back “even with a abundant fur coat, the bald chest and low close accept been able-bodied apparent … The non-decollete modes are absolutely a adequate change, and abundant added advantageous and adequate for the chills of winter”.
This was, of course, directed at the wealthier classes, as was Adult Edith’s domiciliary cavalcade in the Belfast News Letter. Whether or not this was absolutely aggregate by the afresh animated Marchioness of Londonderry is not fabricated clear; it discriminated about in favour of the affluent amusing spectrum.
Recipes – all application margarine instead of rationed adulate – were presented for galantine of craven (“serve on a block of aspic jelly”) and spiced annular of beef, which appropriate 10 lbs of silverside and apprenticed basting several times a day for at atomic a fortnight (“put in two argent accessory forks to accumulate in place”).
These could be busy with dogie or chestnut stuffing. She additionally offered a ambit of suggestions for the auctioning of the post-Christmas turkey: inter alia, Breton, Burdwan or devilled appearance or as kromeskies.
The abode to acquisition such book was St George’s Market, which opened at 5.30am, although still partially alive by the aggressive authorities. The bounded affidavit accepted that the turkey or goose was a luxury, but best dealers and farmers were awash out by 10am.
You could acquirement a bird animate or dead, the closing actuality hardly added expensive. Asleep turkeys ranged from 30 to 50 shillings; geese from 15/6 to 17/6; and the rather infradig craven from 6/6 to 12/6.
The abreast Etiquette for Gentlemen: Rules for Perfect Conduct warned, however, that, “To action to carve a dish, again to accomplish the appointment unskilfully is an unpardonable gaucherie. Every admirer should carve, and carve well”.
Such a nerve-wracking action would apparently accept been calmed by a few drinks. One of the best accepted suppliers was the (still-extant) W&A Gilbey. They provided a claret at 2/6, a Beaune Superieur for three shillings, the confusingly-named Invalid Port (with “invigorating and analeptic properties”) at four shillings and a mis-spelled Grand Maderia (sic) at the aforementioned price. The arch aggravation was that you had to acknowledgment an abandoned bottle.
Any post-prandial after-effects could be challenged by purchasing the bewitched Osmos aperient water, which tackled constipation, dyspepsia, biliousness, apathetic liver, haemorrhoids in accession to gout, rheumatism and obesity. It additionally claimed to absolve the claret and bright the appearance – all for alone two shillings per bottle.
The healthier, added alive best on Christmas Day was to arch bottomward to Grosvenor Park to watch the anniversary Steel & Sons’ Cup final area Brantwood and Dunmurry played out a annoying scoreless draw. (The closing won the replay, 1-0, on New Year’s Eve).
Whether Captain James McKee went to watch is unknown. Twenty years earlier, his brother, William, had been arrive at the aforementioned area with Cliftonville. William had been a victim of the war and James, who had appear aural a epitomize of adequate the Irish Cup in 1911 for the aforementioned club, had been acutely blood-soaked and absent a leg at Messines.
After the war, the arch botheration faced by James, who had been affianced in the linen barter – like so abounding others – was award employment.
The King’s Speech in the House of Lords on December 23 accustomed the difficulties afterward demobilisation: “The lot of the men who accept served in my armament during the war, and abnormally of those who are disabled, has been the accountable of afraid consideration.”
Even the professionals were vexed; surgeon Thomas Davidson complained to his friend, Fred Crawford, the bygone gun-runner, that he had accustomed up his Clifton Street convenance for bristles years to serve in the conflict, yet was clumsy to acquisition any medical cavalcade aloft his return.
If Christmas 1918 had been a time of abatement and reflection, one year after there was accretion acrimony and frustration. Inevitably, there were those bent to booty advantage of the continuing abjection and distress: in the canicule active up to Christmas, to allure those who could not allow the season, the bounded Press agitated up to 10 front-page advertisements from accommodation companies alms £3 to £5,000.
Although Rev James Amber Armour, of Ballymoney, believed a 44-hour anniversary would be the affliction of the bartering and automated world, the alive classes were alpha to address beneath hours and bigger pay. Sharman D Neill, the Donegall Abode jeweller, apologised to barter that he could not aftermath his anniversary archive because of “the active action of the labour and metal markets”.
In the average of December, acumen was accustomed in the case of adjudication for a affirmation put advanced by Belfast borough employees. The charwoman agents had requested a 7.30am alpha instead of 4am, which was beneath on the area that it would actualize too abundant accessible inconvenience; they had additionally accepted 12/6 per week. They were accepted bristles shillings.
The continuing achievement of the Defence of the Realm Act adapted butter, aliment (from December 15 a 1lb white loaf was anchored at 2 and a bisected d) and atramentous prices.
Coal was the arch anatomy of ability and heating and had to be imported. Among its “really advantageous and abiding presents”, Adolescent & Co, of Aerial Street, answer kerb sets and atramentous boxes. That the poor would accept been beholden artlessly of the atramentous is reflected in the actuality that every winter a accessible atramentous armamentarium was aloft to advice the busted citizenry – by Christmas 1919 it had accomplished £1,500.
The Belfast Council of Amusing Welfare wrote to the Press to address for funds to abutment “many cases of astringent and assumed hardship”, because “the prevailing aerial amount of active has brought abounding admirable families to the point of absolute collapse”.
Rev Hugh Montgomery, of the Shankill Road Mission, fabricated his anniversary plea, requesting balmy accouterment and coal, Christmas accoutrements for 600 to 700 beggared homes, a abundant meat supper for 1,500 of the atomic men and woman and a tea anniversary for 2,000 to 2,500 children.
The wealthier associates of association absolutely contributed. On Christmas Eve, the capacity of the will of Sir William Quartus Ewart of Glenmachan were published, absolute that he had larboard abundant donations to 33 accommodating organisations and institutions.
Such generosity was, nevertheless, cosmetic; it rather abandoned the actuality that such issues were alternate and deep-rooted.
There was a aggregation of the poor in one of the wealthiest cities of the Empire.
The bounded newspapers were rather too accelerated to acclaim the resort to the cheque-book. The Belfast News Letter appear that abundant melancholia alertness had been done for children, and “out of their abundance the affluent will absolutely accord a advanced duke and they will acquisition accolade in the beatitude they advise on others”.
The aforementioned beat resorted to unhelpful, inconsequential platitudes, amusement that 2,000 years previously, the Magi had followed the brilliant to “where the admirable abstruseness was created which aloft a collapsed apple and brought joy and achievement to animal hearts … To the poor abnormally – and they are abounding – the application of these things should accompany consolation”.
Well, if you say so.
Despite the imminence of Christmas, alike the antecedence of the Churches could be elsewhere, bookish and esoteric.
At Belfast Cathedral, Rev Professor Alan McNeile, a arresting Dublin clergyman, imparted a aesthetic diffuse address on immortality, adequate his aggregation of the awakening of the body.
The highlight of the break may able-bodied accept been: “After the cursory years of this alluvial activity … anniversary alone charge abide to accept action with others.”
On the aforementioned theme, on Christmas Eve, the Belfast News Letter absitively to advance the latest aggregate by the abiding abbey of St George’s Abbey in Aerial Street, Rev Dr Hugh Davis Murphy. As Brian Walker’s history of the abbey reveals, in backward 1898 back it was threatened by rioters, Murphy repelled them by bringing in “a cardinal of footballers, antagonism cyclists and added athletes (and) told them to accompany their accompany and to accompany cudgels”.
The new book accompanying to added airy material: The State of the Body amid Death and the Resurrection, actuality a accumulating of his sermons. The analysis argued it was a arrangement at bristles shillings and “should be apprehend with interest, and there are abounding bodies to whom it would accomplish an adequate Christmas gift”.
For the majority of the population, absorption to actual needs rather than the body was added pressing. In the claimed columns of the Belfast Telegraph and added affidavit – the abreast agnate of Facebook – some fabricated their own efforts to redress their situation: “Respectable man accepting £100 banknote desires advice with adult of some means.”
Some of these entries apparent a amount of carelessness: confused items included bristles black-faced sheep in Ballymurphy; a blush fair necklace; abreast Arthur Square, a dress captivated in amber paper; a Yorkshire bitch; and cow with red and white markings.
The saddest access of all came to be accent by a cavalcade in the Belfast Telegraph on Christmas Eve: “£50 reward. Absent by poor alive girl, 19 December, around of Old Lodge Road and North Street. Roll of Notes and Gold.”
On that date, a adolescent alive babe from the Crumlin Road had larboard for her abode of assignment in the boondocks centre. She was carrying, as was her custom, a white handkerchief absolute her cafeteria and her absolute life-savings of £147 2s 6d, including £40 account or gold, garnered over “twenty years of active toil”.
She had advised to use it to alpha her own business, or immigrate to New Zealand.
She agitated it beneath her arm and travelled forth the Old Lodge Road, North Street and Lombard Street, until she realised, in Rosemary Street, that it had gone.
Five alternating canicule of claimed notices bootless to locate the package. Sadly, it was a aeon too anon for abeyant crowd-funding.
As the bi-weekly columnist concluded: “The adolescent woman has absent her all at a time back she care to accept the accepted beatitude of the season.”
If that does not sadden your heart, you don’t deserve Christmas 2019.
Keith Haines has accounting a cardinal of books on Ulster history, including Belfast and the Great War (Amberley Aggressive History)
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